Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

General Literacy

3-ring binder
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
The start of a new school year brings a wide range of emotions:  excitement about new beginnings, happiness in reconnecting with students and colleagues, and wistfulness at saying goodbye to the summer break.  For new Teachers of the Visually...



Mr. Magoo with his dog
Posted by Daniel Downes
With three young children, silence in my house means one thing:  trouble. Last week such an event occurred. Peering into the living room, the image on the television horrified me. My arch enemy, Mr Magoo, was brushing his teeth with his glasses. He is...



CHAMPS chart
Posted by Liz Eagan
Submitted by Liz Eagan and Laurie Gaston The behavior department in my school district encourages all teachers, both general and special education, to use Positive Behavior Supports (PBS) in their classroom.  Some of the training and coaching the...



Jasmyn with her cap and gown and diploma at FSDB graduation
Posted by Jasmyn Polite
I will never forget the great memories I had while I attended the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind (FSDB).   Being a Teacher’s Aide  I was inspired to become an early intervention specialist for the blind and visually impaired...



Posted by Charlotte Cushman
The school year is in full swing and it's time to celebrate Fall!  Halloween is just around the corner and classrooms across the country are full of the buzz of excitement.  We would like to share some of our favorite activities to make this fun...



A child who was averse to reading braille exercised his tactile literacy on an outing to a tactile exhibit with a proficient braille reader
Posted by Amber Rundle Kahn
When I first started working as a TVI, I was under the impression that my students would want to work with me -- just like I wanted to work for my teachers when I was growing up. The first braille learner student I worked with was a dual-media student who...



A teenage girl puts on makeup
Posted by PennyR
The expression “put your best foot forward” takes on new meaning when one has a visual impairment.  In our society people are quick to judge you by how you look and present yourself.  It is important that a person who is visually...



A girl with a reflective expression
Posted by Marnee Loftin
Maria is a second grader who currently uses braille for most of her learning, but supplements the materials with audiotapes.  She was quite successful in first grade and was often complimented on her amazing memory.  Maria could often quote stories...



A student lies on the floor and writes on the underside of a desk above her.
Posted by Anna C. Gayle
In 2011, I was a poster presenter at the Getting in Touch with Literacy conference held in Louisville, Kentucky. I presented on creating tactile memory for understanding.  My information came from a lesson I had used in class for reading comprehension of...



Two boys hanging ornaments on Christmas tree
Posted by Liamsmom
I am a mother of two sweet boys.  My oldest, Liam, is 6 years old.  He is deafblind.  My youngest, Finn, is 3 years old.  He has typical vision and hearing.  I really look forward to the Christmas season.  I enjoy finding...



pages of a book labeling the parts of a beaver, one is in braille and has tactile objects and the other is large print and has a black and white picture
Posted by Liamsmom
I am the mother of a sweet and busy third grade boy named Liam. He is deafblind and a braille reader. I have been wanting to create a book for awhile now where the objective was to focus on the conventions of a nonfiction book. I wanted the conventions to...



Holiday gift ideas for young braille readers
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
It's that time of year again, and what a perfect opportunity to share the gift of literacy with children who are blind or visually impaired!  We often get questions about ideas for holiday giving and we're happy to share some of our favorite...



A young boy fishes with his TVI.
Posted by Liamsmom
I was 5 months pregnant when my 2 and a half-year-old son Liam (who had typical vision and hearing) was airlifted to a city 5 hours away. He had become severely sick from meningitis.  After months away from home, due to complications from the meningitis...



Homework from a distance
Posted by Laurie Hudson
When families and general educators are asked if their students can see something, their responses are often, “Sure!”  But  what does this mean?  In order to get a thorough, accurate sense of what students with low vision are seeing...



Helen Keller reading a book
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
  Helen Keller was born on June 27, 1880 and we pause this week to salute a woman who devoted her life to the rights of people who are blind or deafblind.  She was a prolific reader and writer, and many of her original letters are housed in the...



Two women in discussion at a table covered with papers
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
In the five years since Paths to Literacy was launched, we have found a growing number of personnel preparation programs are using the Paths to Literacy website as part of their coursework.  There are programs around the world training people to become...



“Story Box for Spring” including books and objects such as gloves, rakes, water bottles, picture cards for pages of the book
Posted by Deedra Finch
My name is Deedra Finch and I am an itinerant TVI. It’s also my 17th year of teaching (11 years special education, 6 years in both public and residential vision settings). My caseload consists of students who are visually impaired with additional...



Cooking pikelets
Posted by Debra Goodsir
I love Paths to Literacy and often use the ideas it presents with my students. I read everything I can, pass it on to other TVIs and class teachers and discuss it with my students. I also love working collegially with creative, enthusiastic classroom...



A student with low vision uses a video magnifier
Posted by Liz Eagan
Why is the grass greener on the other side?  “'The grass is always greener on the other side' because the other side knows what fertilizer to buy," I often heard growing up.  But is it?  Is the grass greener because they...



Cloth book with textures
Posted by Holly Cooper
Leer en Español.     People often wonder what to get as a gift for a child who has a visual impairment.  Every child is unique and has their own interests, preferences, and abilities, so any advice must be considered with the...



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