Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Multiple Disabilities

Pages of accessible book showing a toothbrush
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam attends a mainstream public school. He just finished Kindergarten last year, where he would get these little mini-books that his classmates were reading. I have taken some of them and modified them so that they would be accessible for Liam, as...



bird nest page with braille
Posted by Liamsmom
I wanted to create some "science" books for my son Liam (he just turned 6 years old and is deafblind) for him to use for the next school year.  I looked up first grade standards and noticed a focus on animals and their habitats, life cycles,...



Girl using an object based communication system
Posted by fayegonzalez
Part 2:  Using a Partial-Object Based Communication System for Literacy The majority of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) systems available today use visually based symbols.  Often, however, students with Multiple...



iep goals collage
Posted by Liamsmom
Phew.  My son Liam's IEP meeting and IEP are now complete and we have a fresh set of goals for the next school year!  IEP season is a mixture of feelings: determination, expectations, excitement and exhaustion!  I love the working with...



The layout of the micro tactile symbols and the line of braille x’s that separate them
Posted by Megan Mogan
I used to be that therapist.  The one who threw around the words “self-stimulatory behaviors” and “idiosyncratic language” all of the time.  The one who described her students as engaging in silly sounds, strange...



fire safety kit
Posted by Lisa Pruner
This post is by Lisa Pruner and Catherine Summ. Overview For children with vision impairments, fire safety and awareness are often literally out of reach, placing them at increased risk in the event of a fire Smoke detectors,...



scarlett
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
Scarlett is a great communicator, and the lack of spoken word does not stop her from expressing what she wants! Whether she evokes an emotion or leads you to a certain place, she knows how to get your attention.   Despite this I am desperate...



Student looks at pictures in a book.
Posted by fayegonzalez
Part 1:  Partial-Object Symbols are MORE than Just a Schedule:   Communication Systems for Students with CVI and Multiple Disabilities The majority of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) systems available today use visually-...



Switch for "hi"
Posted by Jbrown
Circle times in early childhood classrooms (preschool and early elementary) frequently follow the same format.  Students have an opportunity to say hello, participate in attendance, review the calendar, sing a couple of songs, and read a story. There...



Children's drawings of faces
Posted by Debra Goodsir
By Debra Goodsir Vision Support Teacher, New South Wales, Australia   The development of vocabulary and an understanding of the patterns of language are essential parts in the development of literacy. "10 Minutes With" is a...



alphabet chart
Posted by Megan Mogan
Looking back on my own early reading and writing experiences, I have a very clear memory of my first-grade classroom’s beautiful alphabet chart hanging over the windows of our classroom. I even remember the long wooden pointer the teacher used to...



Student reaches for materials
Posted by fayegonzalez
Those of you who know me understand how passionate I am about children with Multiple AND Visual Disabilities.  Here are my personal “Top 10 Tips” to guide in helping these special children grow and develop new skills for independence....



Top 10 collage
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
The end of the year is always a time to look back on highlights of the year and this year we thought it would be fun to share our "Top Ten" list too!   Our top posts for 2014 cover a range of tips and ideas for promoting literacy skills among...



christmas tree book collage
Posted by Liamsmom
We have made it a tradition that my son Liam (who is deafblind) and his little brother Finn, each get to decorate their own small Christmas tree.  Every year, I introduce new items they get to add to their tree. We decorate our tree in this order:...



Girl matches shape on iPad
Posted by Linda Mamer
This post presents discussion points for the use of the iPad with students who are blind or visually impaired, including those who are deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.  Also included are iPad cases and adaptive equipment, and...



theme books collage
Posted by Liz Eagan
I created these books for my low vision students in life skills and classrooms of students with multiple impairments. These were my way of trying to help add to their functional vocabulary. I created a "Teacher's Guide" to go with it to help the...



Adapted literacy collage
Posted by Megan Mogan
By Megan Mogan   Buried deep in the Paths to Literacy archives is a little post called Adapted Adapted Literacy.  It describes how my TVI colleague Sheryl Katzen and I worked together to adapt parts of our school’s conventional...



early learning apps collage
Posted by Linda Mamer
Many apps (applications) are available to promote early learning for young children who are blind or visually impaired, including those who are deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.  This is a partial list (part one of two) to help you...



homemade books
Posted by Liamsmom
Enlist the help of friends and family to make these tactile books!   The purpose of these books is to... create appropriate books, at Liam’s level, that he can read and enjoy independently.  be used in...



iPad with CVI / Multiple Disabilities Collage
Posted by Tara Mason
For students who have Cerebral / Cortical Visual Impairment and/or multiple impairments we need to be thinking about visual characteristics of CVI, positioning, and learning environments, in addition to planning ways to incorporate the iPad into a...



Pages