Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Multiple Disabilities

Adaptation of Brown Bear for children with CVI
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
A group of teachers in the Deafblind Program at Perkins School for the Blind presented an hour-long webinar on various aspects of literacy for children with deafblindness: Literacy Adaptations for Students Who Are Deafblind with Christa...



girl holding a stuffed kitten
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
Adaptations for a child who has a combined vision and hearing loss will depend on many factors, such as the amount of vision and hearing the child has, age, cognitive abilities, motor skills, and personal interests.  This post is the first of four parts...



A young girl jumping on a trampoline
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
I have previously mentioned in my blogs about my daughter’s disdain of handling and exploring items unless they vibrate or sing! Counting for Scarlett has never been a problem as many musical toys incorporate the number sequence, which she can...



Collage of recommended hearing apps
Posted by Linda Mamer
This post is a collection of my favorite applications (apps) related to hearing, speech work, and sign language.  This list may be helpful to anyone working with children who are deaf, hard of hearing, or deafblind, including Speech Language...



Ideas for Developing Functional Literacy Skills
Posted by Frank Mead
    I have been a teacher in the Secondary Program at the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts for more than 30 years, and I am retiring this spring. I was asked to share some of my thoughts and strategies on...



mother showing child birthday book
Posted by Liamsmom
Our Liam turned 5 last week and his little brother Finn turned 2 the week before. Liam and Finn celebrated their birthdays together with family and friends by having a birthday party at our house.  For those of you who don't already know, my son...



student using symbols to make a list
Posted by fayegonzalez
By Faye Gonzalez, TVI & COMS I had a dilemma over the past year in working with my students who have Visual & Multiple Disabilities (V&MD). One student in particular challenged my teaching methods. My dilemma was: Sensory activities...



mystic storykit
Posted by Cindy Reed-Brown
Like most TVIs, the preschool Education Consultants at CT Services for the Blind have been using “storyboxes” for many years with our students. Also, like most TVIs, we’ve tried to provide a variety of social activities for our young...



young girl combing her hair
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
Without reliable access to clear visual information, children who are visually impaired must rely on additional modes of learning, such as through touch and auditory information. So what do you do with a child who will only sing and is reluctant to explore...



Collage for selecting iPad apps
Posted by Linda Mamer
  Making decisions about which applications (apps) for iPads are the most suitable for specific students involves a number of different steps.  This article looks at: Considerations for iPad App Selection How to Choose an...



Classroom shelf
Posted by Katie Armstrong
Recently I submitted a post called Montessori Activities to Promote Pre-Literacy Skills for Tactual Learners. This post was about fun Montessori activities, how to get started creating a few activities, and how they reinforce beginning braille readiness...



Tactile communication board
Posted by fayegonzalez
  In an earlier blog post, I discussed guidelines for Using a Picture Symbol System for Communication and Literacy.  In addition to the factors discussed in that post, another crucial consideration in designing a communication system for students...



A young boy puts toast into a toaster
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam (a happy, social, deaf-blind preschooler) has an intervener/interpreter that is with him at school.  Liam’s intervener and I wanted to create a conversation box that he could use at school.  We came up with an experience Liam...



Story box toy bar
Posted by Jbrown
Toy bars are a wonderful tool when teaching pre-literacy skills.  Object awareness and knowledge can be introduced and reinforced through toy bars. Students learn about the characteristics of items through all of their learning channels. They have...



woman holds baby in pool
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
Firstly I'd like to introduce myself:  my name is Charlotte and I am a single mother of two.  I have Scarlett, who is blind and three and a half, and Sonny, who is two and a half and fully sighted.  I run an online parents' support...



Personal identifier necklaces
Posted by Liamsmom
My 4 ½ year old, deaf-blind son Liam identifies both people he knows and people he meets by their identifiers.  For most people an identifier may be a ring, watch, bracelet, etc. that they always wear.  The more he knows a person, the more he...



A boy holds the outstretched hands of a girl in a wheelchair.
Posted by Megan Mogan
I had the absolute pleasure of being part of a Perkins eLearning workshop for the last 5 weeks, focusing on AAC strategies to use with students who are Visually Impaired and have additional disabilities.  I referred to this population of students as...



Collage of Montessori Activities for Tactual Learners
Posted by Katie Armstrong
Here is another resource for teachers and parents of young tactual learners! I am always thinking in the back of my mind about "literacy" ideas to share.  Yesterday I was taking time setting up my classroom, organizing some work, pondering who...



A young boy who is deafblind signs with his mother
Posted by Liamsmom
  My 4 year old, deafblind son Liam goes to gymnastics every Friday; a perfect opportunity for us to have a ‘go’ at making our first experience book together.                 What is an...



Abstract picture symbols
Posted by fayegonzalez
Many students who are blind or visually impaired with multiple disabilities (MDVI) use some kind of augmentative communication or symbol system.  While symbol systems can be the foundation of communication and literacy, it is essential to develop a...



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