Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Multiple Disabilities

Collage of Montessori Activities for Tactual Learners
Posted by Katie Armstrong
Here is another resource for teachers and parents of young tactual learners! I am always thinking in the back of my mind about "literacy" ideas to share.  Yesterday I was taking time setting up my classroom, organizing some work, pondering who...



A young boy who is deafblind signs with his mother
Posted by Liamsmom
  My 4 year old, deafblind son Liam goes to gymnastics every Friday; a perfect opportunity for us to have a ‘go’ at making our first experience book together.                 What is an...



Abstract picture symbols
Posted by fayegonzalez
Many students who are blind or visually impaired with multiple disabilities (MDVI) use some kind of augmentative communication or symbol system.  While symbol systems can be the foundation of communication and literacy, it is essential to develop a...



Two young brothers explore books
Posted by Liamsmom
Create your own books and activities for the blind or deafblind child in your life!   Liam’s story A brief summary (very brief) of our Liam’s story:  When my son was 2 ½ years old, he became sick with meningitis, the end...



Ms. Katie, Ms. Katie Who Do You See?
Posted by Katie Armstrong
In a strategy posted by Charlotte called Labeling the Environment in an Accessible Format, she talked about texture symbols and object symbols. Name symbols are something that I have used in my preschool classroom for years!  This practice is an easy...



A young girl uses a braille writer
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
All of us at Paths to Literacy welcome you back to a new school year!  We hope that you had a relaxing summer and that you are rejuvenated and ready for a new year.  We look forward to sharing ideas and resources with you, and we hope that you will...



Frank John preparing backstage
Posted by Megan Mogan
About 3 years ago I found myself in the middle of what I thought was a routine Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team meeting for a high school student who also happened to be present at the table.  After a discussion of Eligibility categories and well into...



iOS accessibility
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
As teachers return to begin another school year, many people are wondering how to use iPads as an educational tool with children who are blind or visually impaired, including those who are deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.  This post...



Young child in a Little Room
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
When Dr. Lilli Nielsen died last month, the fields of blindness, deafblindness, and the education of children with multiple disabilities lost a great friend and teacher.  Dr. Nielsen was born in Denmark in 1926, and worked as a preschool teacher, a...



Plaques with textures and braille
Posted by Liamsmom
Liam's playground: Constantly evolving to encourage play, independence and most importantly fun for our deafblind son.    Description: We wanted to create a...



Confirmation activity
Posted by Megan Mogan
I live in Arizona and my mom lives in Illinois.  Last week I found myself ordering her Mother’s Day gift online. After typing my financial and personal information and checking the order twice, I hovered the cursor over the word PURCHASE. “...



Boy explores a storybox
Posted by Liamsmom
I adapted Goldilocks and the Three Bears for my 4-year-old son who is deaf-blind.   2 Bears: I wanted to create a story box for my son that was based off of a classic children's story.  My son is beginning to learn ASL.  I chose the...



Teenage boy signs while using brailler
Posted by SPerreault
The real purpose of this activity is to create motivation about braille for teenagers who are newly blind and congenitally deaf.   This approach uses  language experience stories written in contracted braille to give the full sense of braille...



Very Hungry Caterpillar story box
Posted by Jbrown
The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle is a classic loved by children and adults.  This is a great story for teaching many topics and concepts, including big/little, life cycle, colors and foods.  Teachers can adapt the story to meet varying...



Student using ACC device to write
Posted by fayegonzalez
Kids with visual and multiple disabilities often struggle with writing.  Let’s face it, these students often struggle with being effective communicators, much less with being effective writers!   In the maze of challenges our students...



Eating kiwi as co-writing
Posted by Megan Mogan
by Megan Mogan, MS, CCC-SLP, Speech-Language Pathologist In my last post we talked about using van Dijk’s coactive movement strategies to establish meaningful and enjoyable topics for our early communicators. Next I want to share a pretty simple...



student using an iPad for communication
Posted by fayegonzalez
Faye Gonzalez, TVI & COMS, 3-4-2013 It is more and more common for students to receive an iPad as their personal Communication Device.   The most common Communication apps are designed to provide a large vocabulary to non-verbal students....



Teddy Bear, book and story box items
Posted by Jbrown
  This month we are learning about friendship and how to have fun with our friends.  We are reading two books in class and many of our activities are based upon the stories.  My students are learning how to participate in parallel and...



Big and little rings
Posted by Liamsmom
Concept book: My 3-year-old son Liam, who is newly deaf/blind (lost his sight and hearing to Meningitis a year ago) is learning ASL and picking up on sign language very quickly.  The next set of books I wanted to make for my little...



Black and white next to color complex page
Posted by Laurie Hudson
  My three-year-old student with Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI) has difficulty finding items unless they have solid, contrasting backgrounds.   I have been using the CVI Complexity Sequences Kit with him, written by Christine Roman and...



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