Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



Pages from experience book: popcorn and carnival necklace.
By Charlotte Cushman
Purpose of Experience Books Personal book is motivating How many of you scrapbook or keep a journal to remember important events/people in your lives?  An experience book is a way for a student with deafblindness to record such...



Adult using Perkins brailler
By PennyR
The title for this post comes from an experience I had on February 22, 2018.  As many of us do, I posted about that experience on Facebook.  My language was casual as this posting was intended for my “friends” (Okay, many of my friends...



Image of graph with braille and tactile graphics
By Belinda Rudinger
There is NEVER enough time in the school day for everything I want to create and accomplish for my students with visual impairments, so having an assortment of low tech options and quick fixes is essential. Making Notebooks with Reference Concepts and...



Liam drawing at the table
By Liamsmom
I have two boys, Liam (age 8, deafblind, braille reader) and Finn (age 5, typical vision and hearing). I recently signed up for a program that gives children who are blind a chance to experience creating art using different accessible media (thank you...



A girl with a reflective expression
By Marnee Loftin
Maria is a second grader who currently uses braille for most of her learning, but supplements the materials with audiotapes.  She was quite successful in first grade and was often complimented on her amazing memory.  Maria could often quote stories...



Detailed view of the cell bulletin board
By JFBamber
When my braille room followed my 5th grade student to a new area of the building, she quickly noted that there was a bulletin board hanging in our new classroom. As we chatted, she shared that she had never had bulletin boards that she could "see"...



Carrot car
By Linda Hagood
I’ve been helping kids tell their imaginative stories for almost twenty years.  I once believed the myth that kids who have autism, and sometimes kids who have visual impairment or deafblindness, are not creative—that they are rigid and...



A student lies on the floor and writes on the underside of a desk above her.
By Anna C. Gayle
In 2011, I was a poster presenter at the Getting in Touch with Literacy conference held in Louisville, Kentucky. I presented on creating tactile memory for understanding.  My information came from a lesson I had used in class for reading comprehension of...



Two young girls outside holding hands
By Debra Goodsir
I’m a TVI in NSW, Australia, and started working with a girl named Sarah halfway through her first year of Kindergarten. She is in a regular class with a class teacher and a wonderful teacher aid, Leanne Prior, who has been working with her since she...



AA boy measures salt.
By Liamsmom
My son Liam (age 8, deafblind, braille reader) has always loved to help me in the kitchen. When he was younger I started out with small things, like putting dishes away from the dishwasher that were at his level or I would let him put his fish sticks in the...



A girl putting braille paper into her Perkins braillewriter
By PennyR
I  mean, why should your child bother learning braille, right?  There are screen readers, audio books, and somebody can always read textbooks to your child at home.  Maybe you’re thinking your child can just pick up information in class...



Two boys hanging ornaments on Christmas tree
By Liamsmom
I am a mother of two sweet boys.  My oldest, Liam, is 6 years old.  He is deafblind.  My youngest, Finn, is 3 years old.  He has typical vision and hearing.  I really look forward to the Christmas season.  I enjoy finding...



Look under bag
By Renee Ellis
Cardboard is my friend. Thank goodness for Amazon, UPS and FedEx. I look forward to a delivery because I use the boxes to create books and activities for my students with visual impairments.  I like things that don't cost much that I can send home...



pages of a book labeling the parts of a beaver, one is in braille and has tactile objects and the other is large print and has a black and white picture
By Liamsmom
I am the mother of a sweet and busy third grade boy named Liam. He is deafblind and a braille reader. I have been wanting to create a book for awhile now where the objective was to focus on the conventions of a nonfiction book. I wanted the conventions to...



Noisy items
By Charlotte Cushman
The holidays present a challenge each year to families and friends who wish to give presents to children who are blind or visually impaired, especially if they are very young or have deafblindness or multiple disabilities.  You want it to be FUN and...



Holiday gift ideas for young braille readers
By Charlotte Cushman
It's that time of year again, and what a perfect opportunity to share the gift of literacy with children who are blind or visually impaired!  We often get questions about ideas for holiday giving and we're happy to share some of our favorite...



A boy with glasses holds his hands over his ears
By Peg Palmer
Recently I had yet another conversation with a distraught parent from another state, who was upset that her child who has cortical visual impairment (CVI) was not being included in the story/circle time at preschool. “He doesn’t need to see the...



Board game with goose pieces and dice
By PennyR
Think back on your own childhood and time with family and friends and you’re likely to remember a game you enjoyed playing whether it was a board game, word game, or sporting activity.  Games can help your child develop skills such as:...



Worksheet with yellow highlighting
By Brenda Biernat
With the help of TVI Matt Tietjen*, we have compiled a list of considerations when writing an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for a student who has cortical visual impairment (CVI). IEPs look different from state to state, but contain the same...



Two boys wearing Halloween costumes standing next to pumpkins on a bench
By Liamsmom
My son Liam (8 years old, deafblind) doesn't watch TV. Because of this, he isn't always aware of movies and their characters that are popular among his peers.  He does know a few super heroes because we happen to have the toys around the house...



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