Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



Classroom shelf
By Katie Armstrong
Recently I submitted a post called Montessori Activities to Promote Pre-Literacy Skills for Tactual Learners. This post was about fun Montessori activities, how to get started creating a few activities, and how they reinforce beginning braille readiness...



collage of girl with cane
By Laurie Hudson
Literacy happens throughout Orientation & Mobility curricula: maintaining personal notes of walking routes and personal O&M journals, reading public transportation routes and schedules, menus and maps, processing Global Positioning System output,...



Tactile communication board
By fayegonzalez
  In an earlier blog post, I discussed guidelines for Using a Picture Symbol System for Communication and Literacy.  In addition to the factors discussed in that post, another crucial consideration in designing a communication system for students...



A young boy puts toast into a toaster
By Liamsmom
My son Liam (a happy, social, deaf-blind preschooler) has an intervener/interpreter that is with him at school.  Liam’s intervener and I wanted to create a conversation box that he could use at school.  We came up with an experience Liam...



Story box toy bar
By Jbrown
Toy bars are a wonderful tool when teaching pre-literacy skills.  Object awareness and knowledge can be introduced and reinforced through toy bars. Students learn about the characteristics of items through all of their learning channels. They have...



Itsy Bitsy Spider
By Diane Brauner
Theme:   Itsy Bitsy Spider is a Circle Time Braille Kit that focuses on the letter "s", spiders, weather and counting to 8. This kit is designed to be used together with the Letter "S" Interactive Braille Book, which is found...



Braille 2013 Year in Review
By Debbie Gillespie
World Braille Day is January 4, in honor of Louis Braille's birthday.  A lot has happened in the world of braille during the past year and in the final week of Braille Literacy Month we would like to review some of the highlights of 2013.  This...



woman holds baby in pool
By ScarlettsEyes
Firstly I'd like to introduce myself:  my name is Charlotte and I am a single mother of two.  I have Scarlett, who is blind and three and a half, and Sonny, who is two and a half and fully sighted.  I run an online parents' support...



Bumble Bee with good contrast
By gwyn52
Pictures 1.  Size of graphic Present clear, well contrasting, simple large graphics. Remove detail and visual clutter from graphic. Add black outlines to shapes and main key features. Remove complex colouring. Use...



Personal identifier necklaces
By Liamsmom
My 4 ½ year old, deaf-blind son Liam identifies both people he knows and people he meets by their identifiers.  For most people an identifier may be a ring, watch, bracelet, etc. that they always wear.  The more he knows a person, the more he...



A girl looks at a pie chart.
By PennyR
Dots for Families was originally designed in 2003 by L. Penny Rosenblum, Ph.D., University of Arizona, and Linda Reed, M.Ed., Arizona State Schools for the Deaf and the Blind Parent Outreach Program for the Visually Impaired for family members, teachers of...



A boy holds the outstretched hands of a girl in a wheelchair.
By Megan Mogan
I had the absolute pleasure of being part of a Perkins eLearning workshop for the last 5 weeks, focusing on AAC strategies to use with students who are Visually Impaired and have additional disabilities.  I referred to this population of students as...



Top access tips for print media
By gwyn52
The following tips sheet is aimed at offering short, clear guidance to class teachers regarding print media access for children and young people with visual impairment. Each child's access is individiual and a careful and thorough assessment of their...



Using an iPad to help children with multiple disabilities
By Linda Mamer
iPads are used in more and more ways in the educational programs of students who are blind or visually impaired.  They can be used to help children to develop basic concepts, to reinforce literacy skills, to support communication, to promote the...



Pages open in app
By Sharon@TSBVI
Recently I had a student ask me if there were any apps for the iPad which would allow her to format and edit a document. She was currently emailing her documents she created in the Notes app to the classroom teacher and wanted to continue that process but...



Collage of Montessori Activities for Tactual Learners
By Katie Armstrong
Here is another resource for teachers and parents of young tactual learners! I am always thinking in the back of my mind about "literacy" ideas to share.  Yesterday I was taking time setting up my classroom, organizing some work, pondering who...



Reading materials
By gwyn52
This Top Access Tip Sheet from Positive Eye is designed for teachers working with students who are blind or visually impaired to promote access to literacy.  It is available as a handout in the attached pdf document.  For more tip sheets, visit:...



A student looks through his multiview
By Debra Goodsir
I have a student who is gifted, has Rod Monochromatism (visual acuity 6/36) and is in year 5 (5th grade). At the end of last year he and I reviewed his school experience and he explained that he was a little frustrated that his low vision impacts on his...



A young boy who is deafblind signs with his mother
By Liamsmom
  My 4 year old, deafblind son Liam goes to gymnastics every Friday; a perfect opportunity for us to have a ‘go’ at making our first experience book together.                 What is an...



Abstract picture symbols
By fayegonzalez
Many students who are blind or visually impaired with multiple disabilities (MDVI) use some kind of augmentative communication or symbol system.  While symbol systems can be the foundation of communication and literacy, it is essential to develop a...



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