Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



Ms. Katie, Ms. Katie Who Do You See?
By Katie Armstrong
In a strategy posted by Charlotte called Labeling the Environment in an Accessible Format, she talked about texture symbols and object symbols. Name symbols are something that I have used in my preschool classroom for years!  This practice is an easy...



A young girl uses a braille writer
By Charlotte Cushman
All of us at Paths to Literacy welcome you back to a new school year!  We hope that you had a relaxing summer and that you are rejuvenated and ready for a new year.  We look forward to sharing ideas and resources with you, and we hope that you will...



Job chart
By Laurie Hudson
Introduction: Early elementary school classrooms typically post Job Charts.  These are lists of classroom responsibilities that students rotate through weekly.  Common jobs include “Plant Waterer,” “Line Leader,” “Door...



Frank John preparing backstage
By Megan Mogan
About 3 years ago I found myself in the middle of what I thought was a routine Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team meeting for a high school student who also happened to be present at the table.  After a discussion of Eligibility categories and well into...



iOS accessibility
By Charlotte Cushman
As teachers return to begin another school year, many people are wondering how to use iPads as an educational tool with children who are blind or visually impaired, including those who are deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.  This post...



A boy reads with his younger brother.
By SPerreault
Marcela Viviana Toscano, especialista en educación temprana de la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina, creó una presentación de powerpoint sobre un proyecto de alfabetización temprana para las familias. La presentación...



A boy reads with his brother.
By SPerreault
  Marcela Viviana Toscano, an early intervention specialist from the province of Buenos Aires in Argentina, created a powerpoint presentation about an early literacy project for families.  The presentation includes information about the...



Eid al-Fitr
By Charlotte Cushman
Eid-al-Fitr is the Muslim holiday marking the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting.  The holiday is often called by the abbreviated name of "Eid" or "Id" (pronounced "eed") and will be celebrated on August 8th...



Young child in a Little Room
By Charlotte Cushman
When Dr. Lilli Nielsen died last month, the fields of blindness, deafblindness, and the education of children with multiple disabilities lost a great friend and teacher.  Dr. Nielsen was born in Denmark in 1926, and worked as a preschool teacher, a...



Plaques with textures and braille
By Liamsmom
Liam's playground: Constantly evolving to encourage play, independence and most importantly fun for our deafblind son.    Description: We wanted to create a...



Girl reading braille book
By Charlotte Cushman
TVI Ann Edie shares ideas for how to help students to maintain braille skills during summer break. 1. Go to students' homes or whatever summer school or day camp programs they are involved in to deliver TVI services over the summer. 2. Match the...



Learning how to put paper in braille writer
By PennyR
I am often asked for information about how to support the development of braille skills and braille literacy at home and I put together a packet for a conference a few years ago with some of my favorite resources.  The packet, which can be downloaded...



Confirmation activity
By Megan Mogan
I live in Arizona and my mom lives in Illinois.  Last week I found myself ordering her Mother’s Day gift online. After typing my financial and personal information and checking the order twice, I hovered the cursor over the word PURCHASE. “...



Boy explores a storybox
By Liamsmom
I adapted Goldilocks and the Three Bears for my 4-year-old son who is deaf-blind.   2 Bears: I wanted to create a story box for my son that was based off of a classic children's story.  My son is beginning to learn ASL.  I chose the...



A teenage boy uses a braille notetaker.
By Anna Swenson
  By Anne Spitz, Teacher of the Visually Impaired, Dover, MA Anna Swenson, Braille Literacy Consultant, Fairfax, VA The ideas in this post grew out of a workshop in Connecticut on Braille Literacy Skills and are posted in their complete form in the...



Teenage boy signs while using brailler
By SPerreault
By Steve Perreault The real purpose of this activity is to create motivation about braille for teenagers who are newly blind and congenitally deaf.   This approach uses  language experience stories written in contracted braille to give the...



Curved pieces of Handwriting Without Tears
By Katie Armstrong
Handwriting Without Tears, HWT, is a multi-sensory writing curriculum created for early childhood through 5th grade.  I have been using the pre-school program called, Get Set For School, in my early childhood classroom for children with visual...



Very Hungry Caterpillar story box
By Jbrown
The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle is a classic loved by children and adults.  This is a great story for teaching many topics and concepts, including big/little, life cycle, colors and foods.  Teachers can adapt the story to meet varying...



Happy Mother's Day!
By Charlotte Cushman
  On the second Sunday in May we honor mothers and the positive contributions they have made to society.  Mother’s Day was first observed in the United States by Anna Jarvis in a memorial service for her own mother. Prior to that Julia Ward...



Student using ACC device to write
By fayegonzalez
Kids with visual and multiple disabilities often struggle with writing.  Let’s face it, these students often struggle with being effective communicators, much less with being effective writers!   In the maze of challenges our students...



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