Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



student using toy bar
By Jbrown
Introduction Settings Activities   Introduction: A Learning Media Assessment (LMA) is an evaluation process that allows the observer to identify the student’s primary and secondary learning channel, i.e. whether...



First slide of the Assistive Technology PowerPoint
By Tara Mason
The TVI Experience Typically, you will find that TVIs report a few different scenarios in their school district. A TVI either has:  One or more technology specific district team members to help with an AT assessment or evaluation and...



a female student using a braille notetaker
By Tara Mason
Ensuring that students have an accessible learning environment is directly linked to assistive technology.   Many states that have adopted the CCSS will be required to implement CCSS assessments online using a digital delivery system. Additionally,...



scribble on paper
By Liamsmom
When I was first introduced to the idea of "scribbling" for my son Liam who is deafblind, I remember thinking, “Scribbling doesn’t really make sense for my son since he can’t see what he is scribbling”. Well, I came to...



Job charts collage
By Katie Armstrong
Recently a friend from college, Kitty Greeley, was observing in my classroom for research she is doing as part of her doctoral degree at Florida State University.  After her observations were complete, we spent some time chatting about what she observed...



O&M apps
By Linda Mamer
There are many apps (applications) available to support the development of Orientation and Mobility skills for children and youth who are blind or visually impaired, as well as those who are deafblind.  I compiled a list of some of my favorites in...



Two boys look through monoculars outdoors.
By cyralm
By Cyral Miller, Director of Outreach, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired    Have you ever wondered whether your child’s program is meeting educational standards related to his or her visual impairment?  How...



Adaptation of Brown Bear for children with CVI
By Charlotte Cushman
A group of teachers in the Deafblind Program at Perkins School for the Blind presented an hour-long webinar on various aspects of literacy for children with deafblindness: Literacy Adaptations for Students Who Are Deafblind with Christa...



girl holding a stuffed kitten
By Charlotte Cushman
Adaptations for a child who has a combined vision and hearing loss will depend on many factors, such as the amount of vision and hearing the child has, age, cognitive abilities, motor skills, and personal interests.  This post is the first of four parts...



A young girl jumping on a trampoline
By ScarlettsEyes
I have previously mentioned in my blogs about my daughter’s disdain of handling and exploring items unless they vibrate or sing! Counting for Scarlett has never been a problem as many musical toys incorporate the number sequence, which she can...



Collage of recommended hearing apps
By Linda Mamer
This post is a collection of my favorite applications (apps) related to hearing, speech work, and sign language.  This list may be helpful to anyone working with children who are deaf, hard of hearing, or deafblind, including Speech Language...



Ideas for Developing Functional Literacy Skills
By Frank Mead
    I have been a teacher in the Secondary Program at the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts for more than 30 years, and I am retiring this spring. I was asked to share some of my thoughts and strategies on...



Toys for Pre-Braille Development
By KimAvila
This post is a continuation of my earlier post: http://www.pathstoliteracy.org/braille-babies  This post focuses on developing hand and finger strength for using a braille writer, as well as on issues and concerns voiced by parents of children with...



accessibility screen on ipad
By Tara Mason
In today’s blog post, I will present a simple instructional model to implement when working with students and their iPads. I know most of us have studied instructional strategies and most of my suggestions may not be new. A key point is that when...



Tactile graphics collage
By gwyn52
Graphs and charts can be very challenging for students who are blind or visually impaired, whether they are using tactile graphs or large print graphs.  Students with visual impairments must be specifically taught how to interpret tactile graphics and...



Collage of Vision Apps
By Linda Mamer
There are many applications (apps) available to assist teachers of students with visual impairments and other vision professionals in their work.  I have collected some of my favorite apps in the following categories: Apps for Vision Information...



Braille Babies
By KimAvila
This is the first of two parts. Read Part 2: Braille Babies: Toys to Promote Pre-Braille Skills   Braille Babies was designed after several years of implementing creative methods for teaching braille to young children and their...



Young boy using an iPad
By Tara Mason
I had the pleasure of learning all about one parent’s journey with her four and a half year old son and his iPad. She enthusiastically agreed to be interviewed for a Paths to Literacy Blog post.   It is a great opportunity to learn about iPad use...



mother showing child birthday book
By Liamsmom
Our Liam turned 5 last week and his little brother Finn turned 2 the week before. Liam and Finn celebrated their birthdays together with family and friends by having a birthday party at our house.  For those of you who don't already know, my son...



tactile maps on foam boards
By Laurie Hudson
Skills in reading/writing tactile images, or “tactile-graphicity,” develop with lots and lots of carefully sequenced, guided exposure to thoughtfully designed and well-made tactile images.  It takes time, strategy, and a steady hand to...



Pages