Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



Personal identifier necklaces
By Liamsmom | Comments: 1
My 4 ½ year old, deaf-blind son Liam identifies both people he knows and people he meets by their identifiers.  For most people an identifier may be a ring, watch, bracelet, etc. that they always wear.  The more he knows a person, the more he...



A girl looks at a pie chart.
By PennyR | Comments: 0
Dots for Families was originally designed in 2003 by L. Penny Rosenblum, Ph.D., University of Arizona, and Linda Reed, M.Ed., Arizona State Schools for the Deaf and the Blind Parent Outreach Program for the Visually Impaired for family members, teachers of...



A boy holds the outstretched hands of a girl in a wheelchair.
By Megan Mogan | Comments: 1
I had the absolute pleasure of being part of a Perkins eLearning workshop for the last 5 weeks, focusing on AAC strategies to use with students who are Visually Impaired and have additional disabilities.  I referred to this population of students as...



Top access tips for print media
By gwyn52 | Comments: 0
The following tips sheet is aimed at offering short, clear guidance to class teachers regarding print media access for children and young people with visual impairment. Each child's access is individiual and a careful and thorough assessment of their...



Using an iPad to help children with multiple disabilities
By Linda Mamer | Comments: 0
iPads are used in more and more ways in the educational programs of students who are blind or visually impaired.  They can be used to help children to develop basic concepts, to reinforce literacy skills, to support communication, to promote the...



Holiday gift ideas for children who are blind or visually impaired
By Charlotte Cushman | Comments: 0
It's that time of year again, and what a perfect opportunity to share the gift of literacy with children who are blind or visually impaired!  We often get questions about ideas for holiday giving and we're happy to share some of our favorite...



Pages open in app
By Sharon@TSBVI | Comments: 0
Recently I had a student ask me if there were any apps for the iPad which would allow her to format and edit a document. She was currently emailing her documents she created in the Notes app to the classroom teacher and wanted to continue that process but...



Collage of Montessori Activities for Tactual Learners
By Katie Armstrong | Comments: 4
Here is another resource for teachers and parents of young tactual learners! I am always thinking in the back of my mind about "literacy" ideas to share.  Yesterday I was taking time setting up my classroom, organizing some work, pondering who...



Reading materials
By gwyn52 | Comments: 0
This Top Access Tip Sheet from Positive Eye is designed for teachers working with students who are blind or visually impaired to promote access to literacy.  It is available as a handout in the attached pdf document.  For more tip sheets, visit:...



A student looks through his multiview
By Debra Goodsir | Comments: 15
I have a student who is gifted, has Rod Monochromatism (visual acuity 6/36) and is in year 5 (5th grade). At the end of last year he and I reviewed his school experience and he explained that he was a little frustrated that his low vision impacts on his...



A young boy who is deafblind signs with his mother
By Liamsmom | Comments: 0
  My 4 year old, deafblind son Liam goes to gymnastics every Friday; a perfect opportunity for us to have a ‘go’ at making our first experience book together.                 What is an...



Abstract picture symbols
By fayegonzalez | Comments: 1
Many students who are blind or visually impaired with multiple disabilities (MDVI) use some kind of augmentative communication or symbol system.  While symbol systems can be the foundation of communication and literacy, it is essential to develop a...



Tactile clipboard
By Katie Armstrong | Comments: 3
A resource for teachers or parents of tactual learners When many people first think of literacy skills, or pre-braille skills they think of things like tracking braille lines, identifying tactual or textured pictures or exploring objects in a story box, just...



Pointing to New Zealand
By Laurie Hudson | Comments: 1
  Describing Clearly Adapted from Classroom Collaboration, page 59 By Laurel J. Hudson, Ph.D. Published by Perkins School for the Blind, 1997     Sighted people typically communicate key information by pointing, drawing, demonstrating...



Father reading with young son
By Bess Dennison | Comments: 0
By Elizabeth Dennison Shared storybook reading with caregivers is one of the first and most important book experiences of children with visual impairments. It can be a wonderful way for parents or caregivers to enjoy an activity together, while also helping...



Two young brothers explore books
By Liamsmom | Comments: 1
Create your own books and activities for the blind or deafblind child in your life!   Liam’s story A brief summary (very brief) of our Liam’s story:  When my son was 2 ½ years old, he became sick with meningitis, the end...



Ms. Katie, Ms. Katie Who Do You See?
By Katie Armstrong | Comments: 0
In a strategy posted by Charlotte called Labeling the Environment in an Accessible Format, she talked about texture symbols and object symbols. Name symbols are something that I have used in my preschool classroom for years!  This practice is an easy...



A young girl uses a braille writer
By Charlotte Cushman | Comments: 0
All of us at Paths to Literacy welcome you back to a new school year!  We hope that you had a relaxing summer and that you are rejuvenated and ready for a new year.  We look forward to sharing ideas and resources with you, and we hope that you will...



Job chart
By Laurie Hudson | Comments: 0
Introduction: Early elementary school classrooms typically post Job Charts.  These are lists of classroom responsibilities that students rotate through weekly.  Common jobs include “Plant Waterer,” “Line Leader,” “Door...



Frank John preparing backstage
By Megan Mogan | Comments: 10
About 3 years ago I found myself in the middle of what I thought was a routine Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team meeting for a high school student who also happened to be present at the table.  After a discussion of Eligibility categories and well into...



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