Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



tactile maps on foam boards
By Laurie Hudson
Skills in reading/writing tactile images, or “tactile-graphicity,” develop with lots and lots of carefully sequenced, guided exposure to thoughtfully designed and well-made tactile images.  It takes time, strategy, and a steady hand to...



A student holds a 3-D math manipulative
By Tara Mason
There are numerous materials that will help students access the Common Core State Standards. These materials may be used to: access materials, exhibit knowledge and skills, or enhance learning activities associated with the CCSS. Presley and D’Andrea...



By Tara Mason
Being adept at using technology is essential—in fact critical—for visually impaired students. First, in order to access the environment around them, learn about the world, and function in their daily lives, these students need to learn to use...



student using symbols to make a list
By fayegonzalez
By Faye Gonzalez, TVI & COMS I had a dilemma over the past year in working with my students who have Visual & Multiple Disabilities (V&MD). One student in particular challenged my teaching methods. My dilemma was: Sensory activities...



mystic storykit
By Cindy Reed-Brown
Like most TVIs, the preschool Education Consultants at CT Services for the Blind have been using “storyboxes” for many years with our students. Also, like most TVIs, we’ve tried to provide a variety of social activities for our young...



young girl combing her hair
By ScarlettsEyes
Without reliable access to clear visual information, children who are visually impaired must rely on additional modes of learning, such as through touch and auditory information. So what do you do with a child who will only sing and is reluctant to explore...



Collage for selecting iPad apps
By Linda Mamer
  Making decisions about which applications (apps) for iPads are the most suitable for specific students involves a number of different steps.  This article looks at: Considerations for iPad App Selection How to Choose an...



Collage of handwriting tips
By gwyn52
Top Access Tips: Writing Students with visual impairments often benefit from the use of specialized tools and materials.  Special paper, writing tools, lighting and other equipment can make it easier for them to write.  It is important to...



School-home journals
By Megan Mogan
By: Megan Mogan, MS, CCC-SLP Around 4 pm every day, something wonderful happens to me.  I get to reunite with my 3 children after school/work and find out how their days went.  I get to hear about spelling tests, lunchbox trades, science...



Collage featuring several ipad applications
By Tara Mason
It is with great pleasure that I post my first article to the Paths of Literacy Blog. I have been studying iPads and teacher professional development for the past two years for my Ph.D. research study. For my study, I have created learning resources around...



Saving a webpage as an eBook
By Sharon@TSBVI
There is a wonderful resource, which allows your student to save a webpage as an individual EPUB file.   What is an EPUB?   “.epub” is an electronic book format that has become the industry standard. EPUB files can be read...



Classroom shelf
By Katie Armstrong
Recently I submitted a post called Montessori Activities to Promote Pre-Literacy Skills for Tactual Learners. This post was about fun Montessori activities, how to get started creating a few activities, and how they reinforce beginning braille readiness...



collage of girl with cane
By Laurie Hudson
Literacy happens throughout Orientation & Mobility curricula: maintaining personal notes of walking routes and personal O&M journals, reading public transportation routes and schedules, menus and maps, processing Global Positioning System output,...



Tactile communication board
By fayegonzalez
  In an earlier blog post, I discussed guidelines for Using a Picture Symbol System for Communication and Literacy.  In addition to the factors discussed in that post, another crucial consideration in designing a communication system for students...



A young boy puts toast into a toaster
By Liamsmom
My son Liam (a happy, social, deaf-blind preschooler) has an intervener/interpreter that is with him at school.  Liam’s intervener and I wanted to create a conversation box that he could use at school.  We came up with an experience Liam...



Story box toy bar
By Jbrown
Toy bars are a wonderful tool when teaching pre-literacy skills.  Object awareness and knowledge can be introduced and reinforced through toy bars. Students learn about the characteristics of items through all of their learning channels. They have...



Itsy Bitsy Spider
By Diane Brauner
Theme:   Itsy Bitsy Spider is a Circle Time Braille Kit that focuses on the letter "s", spiders, weather and counting to 8. This kit is designed to be used together with the Letter "S" Interactive Braille Book, which is found...



Braille 2013 Year in Review
By Debbie Gillespie
World Braille Day is January 4, in honor of Louis Braille's birthday.  A lot has happened in the world of braille during the past year and in the final week of Braille Literacy Month we would like to review some of the highlights of 2013.  This...



woman holds baby in pool
By ScarlettsEyes
Firstly I'd like to introduce myself:  my name is Charlotte and I am a single mother of two.  I have Scarlett, who is blind and three and a half, and Sonny, who is two and a half and fully sighted.  I run an online parents' support...



Bumble Bee with good contrast
By gwyn52
Pictures 1.  Size of graphic Present clear, well contrasting, simple large graphics. Remove detail and visual clutter from graphic. Add black outlines to shapes and main key features. Remove complex colouring. Use...



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