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Below are Emergent Literacy posts related to research.



Father reading to young child

Association of the Type of Toy Used During Play With the Quantity and Quality of Parent-Infant Communication

Research study examines which types of everyday activities promote best language environment for children: books, traditional toys, or electronic toys
JAMA ophthalmology logo

Visual Impairment in Preschool Children in the United States

This research study found that the number of preschool children with VI is projected to increase disproportionally, especially among minority populations.
child's hands reading braille

Improving Braille Reading Fluency: The Bridge to Comprehension

Evidence-based research on braille fluency and braille literacy
A young girl with glasses looks at an iPad

iPad Research Promising for Children with Cortical Visual Impairment

This news release from the University of Kansas describes the strong appeal that iPads have for many children with Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI).
Books from APH with tactile illustrations

Guide to Designing Tactile Illustrations for Children's Books

Guidelines for designing tactile illustrations for children with visual impairments
Reading a tactile book

Research Synthesis of Tactile and Object Exploration

This synthesis of research studies examining tactile and object exploration in young children who are blind or visually impaired offers guidelines for practice.
Touching a 3-D representation in a book

Tactile Picture Books Project

Researchers use 3-D printing to create tactile books for children who are blind
Cover of Journal of Experimental Psychology

Young Children and Tactile Images

Research study comparing the recognition of different types of tactile images among young children who are blind.
Cover of The Educator Braille Literacy issue

A Study of Braille Writing Skills Acquisition

Research study comparing the use of a braille writer and slate and stylus in acquisition of braille writing skills
Tack-tiles

A Case Study of Tack Tiles Literacy Instruction for a Student with Multiple Disabilities Including Congenital Blindness

Research study on the use of tack-tiles to teach braille to a student who is blind with additional disabilities
Elementary school age boy reads a braille book

Teaching and Assessing the Appropriateness of Uncontracted Braille: Research Report

This study founds that teaching uncontracted braille requires different strategies and materials than does teaching contracted braille.
Young child touches tactile book with adult guidance.

Reading Aloud to Children: The Evidence

Ample research demonstrates that reading aloud to young children promotes the development of language and other emergent literacy skills, which in turn help children prepare for school.
Image of Mountbatten braillewriter

Technology and Early Braille Literacy: Using the Mountbatten Pro Brailler in Primary-grade Classrooms

Description of the Early Braille Readers Project, which provided a Mountbatten Pro Brailler and peripheral equipment to 20 kindergarteners, first-, and second graders in Texas.
Young boy with glasses looks at a picture book

Framework for Developing Evidence-Based Early Literacy Learning Practices

This paper includes a description of a framework for synthesizing research evidence on early literacy learning and using this information for developing evidence-based early literacy learning practice
Young child touches tactile book with adult guidance.

Expanding Understanding of Emergent Literacy: Empirical Support for a New Framework

Emergent literacy in young children with visual impairments is examined using a conceptual framework using data from a field study of preschool classes for children with visual impairments.
Elementary school age boy reads a braille book

The Effect of Consistent Structured Reading Instruction on High and Low Literacy Achievement in Young Children Who Are Blind

Research on the effect of consistent structured reading instruction on high and low literacy achievement in young children who are blind
Cover of Report of the National Early Literacy Panel

Developing Early Literacy: Report of the National Early Literacy Panel

Implications of instructional practices used with children & addresses issues of instructional practices for young children so that parents & teachers can better support emerging literacy skills
Young child touches tactile book with adult guidance.

Tactile and Object Exploration Among Young Children with Visual Impairments

This study examines the relationship between the exploration of tactile and objects with braille readiness with young children who are blind or visually impaired.