Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Orientation and Mobility Strategies

Below are strategies posts related to Orientation and Mobility.

Tactile cane on page of book

Creating a Book for a Braille Reader with CVI: Max and His Cane

This simple braille book tells the story about an 8-year-old boy who loses his cane. The colored illustrations are appealing for children with CVI.
A girl examines a bracelet on her wrist

Nature Walk

Nature walks can inspire students with visual impairments to write about what they find.
baskets in a mudroom filled with winter clothing

Making Our Mudroom Accessible

The mother of children who are blind tells how she used braille labels to make the family mudroom accessible to the whole family.
Braille cell pizza twists

Braille Cell Pizza Twists

Making pizza twists is a fun way to incorporate the Expanded Core Curriculum with braille skills.
Image of Front of Book with text "Snow, Snow, What Do You See?", a printed snowflake and two foam cut-out snowflakes. Printed text "By: ____" at bottom of front cover.  Picture of assembled and decorated snowman, complete with hat, scarf, boots and white cane.

Winter Tactile Experience Book: Snow, Snow, What Do You See?

This hands-on activity gives beginning braille readers a chance to create a tactile book about winter.
Student using telescope in store.

Mia's Mix: An Integrated Approach to the ECC

Ideas to incorporate the ECC, literacy, and numeracy into an integrated series of lessons for students with visual impairments
Student drawing a thank you note

Writing a Thank You Letter

Teaching students to write thank-you notes gives them a chance to practice braille or print skills, as well as developing social skills.
APH Portable Sound Source

Activities to Develop Auditory Skills

Activities to develop auditory discrimination and listening skills in children and youth who are blind or visually impaired
a braille sign on a cement podium

Cracking the Code: A Braille Reading Mystery

In this activity, students who are blind or visually impaired are challenged to find and decode braille signs in hotels, restaurants and stores.
an elevator button with braille

Practicing Braille Reading in the Community

Look for ways to encourage students with visual impairments to practice their braille skills in the natural environment.
white cane

White Cane Pointer

Make pointers for students who are blind or visually impaired to share on White Cane Day!

Smoothies! A Classroom Lesson and Community Based-Experience

This hands-on series of lessons addresses literacy, math, O & M, and other parts of the ECC (Expanded Core Curriculum) for students who are blind or visually impaired.
restaurant tables

The Big Island Restaurant and Bakery for Younger Kids with Visual Impairments

This set of activities uses APH materials to extend a story about The Big Island Restaurant and Bakery.
3 different fire pull stations

Fire Alarm Pull Stations

This hands-on activity looks at fire safety and helping students with visual impairments understand fire alarm pull stations.
Money Handling and Budgeting Kit

Banking Counts: Using APH Materials to Extend a Story

This activity uses materials from APH to help students who are blind or visually impaired to manage their money and learn about banking.
Boy using a cane

O&M and Explanatory Text

Students will utilize proper sentence structure, grammar usage, punctuation, and spelling through this O&M and Explanatory Text.
Sentences with prepositional phrases

Learning Prepositional Phrases through O&M

This activity for students with visual impairments incorporates writing and the use of prepositional phrases
Collage of O & M literact activity

O&M Literacy: "Pairs" Game

This Orientation and Mobility activity is designed help students to refine their cognitive maps of their schools and to develop their estimations of time lapsed.
Incorporating beginning literacy skills into Orientation and Mobility

O & M Travel Cards and Book

Collect items from the environment to reinforce beginning literacy skills during orientation and mobility lessons.
Wheatley Tactile Diagramming Kit

Tactile Environment Mapping

Wheatley Tactile Diagraming Kit can be used to create tactile maps.