Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Studies of Braille Reading Rates and Implications for the Unified English Braille Code

One hand reading braille

Studies of Braille Reading Rates and Implications for the Unified English Braille Code by Wetzel, Robin; Knowlton, Marie;
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, v. 100,  no. 5, pp. 267-274 (May 2006)

Reading rate data was collected from both print and braille readers in the areas of mathematics and literary braille. Literary braille data was collected for contracted and uncontracted braille text with dropped whole-word contractions and part-word contractions as they would appear in the Unified English Braille Code. No significant differences were found between contracted and uncontracted braille reading rates or between print and Nemeth oral reading rates. Reading rates in cells per second for mathematics were slower than for literary material in both print and braille.