Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Emergent Literacy

Switch for "hi"
Posted by Jbrown
Circle times in early childhood classrooms (preschool and early elementary) frequently follow the same format.  Students have an opportunity to say hello, participate in attendance, review the calendar, sing a couple of songs, and read a story. There...



Collage of Early Learning Apps
Posted by Linda Mamer
Many apps (applications) are available to promote early learning for young children who are blind or visually impaired, including those who are deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.  This is a partial list (part one of two) to help you get...



alphabet chart
Posted by Megan Mogan
Looking back on my own early reading and writing experiences, I have a very clear memory of my first-grade classroom’s beautiful alphabet chart hanging over the windows of our classroom. I even remember the long wooden pointer the teacher used to...



Top 10 collage
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
The end of the year is always a time to look back on highlights of the year and this year we thought it would be fun to share our "Top Ten" list too!   Our top posts for 2014 cover a range of tips and ideas for promoting literacy skills among...



A mother who is blind reads a book with her sighted child
Posted by Courtney Tabor-Abbott
I have not written a blog post in a very long time, almost a year, in fact.  My husband has asked me over and over again, “When are you going to write in your blog?”  “Will you please blog again?”  “Why haven...



christmas tree book collage
Posted by Liamsmom
We have made it a tradition that my son Liam (who is deafblind) and his little brother Finn, each get to decorate their own small Christmas tree.  Every year, I introduce new items they get to add to their tree. We decorate our tree in this order:...



Woman with young child
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
One of the first and most important things to remember when introducing books and literacy experiences to a young child with a visual impairment is that the child is a child first.  While there are certain tips and techniques that will make reading...



early learning apps collage
Posted by Linda Mamer
Many apps (applications) are available to promote early learning for young children who are blind or visually impaired, including those who are deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.  This is a partial list (part one of two) to help you...



homemade books
Posted by Liamsmom
Enlist the help of friends and family to make these tactile books!   The purpose of these books is to... create appropriate books, at Liam’s level, that he can read and enjoy independently.  be used in...



tactile math ideas collage
Posted by gwyn52
Children who are blind or visually impaired, including those who have additional disabilities or deafblindness, benefit from lots of hands-on exploration of real objects from the natural environment.  Exploration of various household items can help to...



scribble on paper
Posted by Liamsmom
When I was first introduced to the idea of "scribbling" for my son Liam who is deafblind, I remember thinking, “Scribbling doesn’t really make sense for my son since he can’t see what he is scribbling”. Well, I came to...



Job charts collage
Posted by Katie Armstrong
Recently a friend from college, Kitty Greeley, was observing in my classroom for research she is doing as part of her doctoral degree at Florida State University.  After her observations were complete, we spent some time chatting about what she observed...



girl holding a stuffed kitten
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
Adaptations for a child who has a combined vision and hearing loss will depend on many factors, such as the amount of vision and hearing the child has, age, cognitive abilities, motor skills, and personal interests.  This post is the first of four parts...



A young girl jumping on a trampoline
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
I have previously mentioned in my blogs about my daughter’s disdain of handling and exploring items unless they vibrate or sing! Counting for Scarlett has never been a problem as many musical toys incorporate the number sequence, which she can...



Toys for Pre-Braille Development
Posted by KimAvila
This post is a continuation of my earlier post: http://www.pathstoliteracy.org/braille-babies  This post focuses on developing hand and finger strength for using a braille writer, as well as on issues and concerns voiced by parents of children with...



Braille Babies
Posted by KimAvila
This is the first of two parts. Read Part 2: Braille Babies: Toys to Promote Pre-Braille Skills   Braille Babies was designed after several years of implementing creative methods for teaching braille to young children and their...



mother showing child birthday book
Posted by Liamsmom
Our Liam turned 5 last week and his little brother Finn turned 2 the week before. Liam and Finn celebrated their birthdays together with family and friends by having a birthday party at our house.  For those of you who don't already know, my son...



mystic storykit
Posted by Cindy Reed-Brown
Like most TVIs, the preschool Education Consultants at CT Services for the Blind have been using “storyboxes” for many years with our students. Also, like most TVIs, we’ve tried to provide a variety of social activities for our young...



young girl combing her hair
Posted by ScarlettsEyes
Without reliable access to clear visual information, children who are visually impaired must rely on additional modes of learning, such as through touch and auditory information. So what do you do with a child who will only sing and is reluctant to explore...



Collage for selecting iPad apps
Posted by Linda Mamer
  Making decisions about which applications (apps) for iPads are the most suitable for specific students involves a number of different steps.  This article looks at: Considerations for iPad App Selection How to Choose an...



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