Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Multiple Disabilities

Woman signing "music"
Posted by Julianne Lemman
and by Sarah Steele As a follow up to our last blog post Family Engagement During Remote Instruction of Students with Deafblindness and Multiple Disabilities, we wanted to share some strategies that we have found help to optimize online learning for...



washing hands under running water
Posted by Stacey Chambers
and by Angela Campbell Each year brings new team members such as new classroom teachers, related services staff, speech pathologists, and paraprofessionals. This year has brought a new, very important member to our collaborative team - our families and...



Red plate, fork, and cup on black background
Posted by Derya Uyar
This week summer vacation ended and schools have started with distance education in Turkey. We continue online classes with our students. I have 3 students this year. All of them are with MDVI (multiple disabilities and visual impairment).  This year I...



Colorful stick figured superimposed on each other
Posted by SarahSteele
and Julianne Lemman During the last six months of online instruction, we have found that finding ways to support families of students with multiple disabilities or deafblindness is the key to success. Acknowledge Different Levels of Support at Home...



Side view of child's shoe
Posted by Amy Flores
Some children rely on others to help with activities of daily living, due to motor limitations.  Nonetheless, we can help build understanding and anticipation which will allow the child to mentally prepare for having their personal space entered to...



Mr. Rogers wearing a red cardigan
Posted by Amber Rundle Kahn
“I don’t think anyone can grow unless he’s loved exactly as he is now, appreciated for what he is rather than what he will be.” – Fred Rogers We had early snow in Denver this past school year. The lesson that inspired this post...



Object symbols
Posted by Amy Flores
Students who are visually impaired and blind may be visual, auditory or tactile learners. For many students, despite their visual impairment or legal blindness, print or large print is their primary learning media.  However, some students use braille or...



Gross sandwich: bread with socks
Posted by Jay Hiller
Hey, was working and teaching from home in your plan a month ago?   It wasn’t in mine either.  But here I sit, writing home based activities for my students in my adult daughter’s former bedroom, accompanied by two young dogs that...



Child looking at lightbox with image of red shoe
Posted by Sarah Blackstone
This post is adapted with permission from the authors Aileen Arai, MA, Director of Education, The Bridge School and Sarah W. Blackstone, PhD, CCC-SLP, PI, CVI/AAC Project, The Bridge School, from a presentation at the Getting in Touch with Literacy conference...



Photo cards on black background: help, spoon, syringe, food bowl, diaper
Posted by Sharon Elliott
We have successfully transitioned my son who is non-verbal and scored at a 2.5 on The CVI Range (Dr. Christine Roman-Lantzy) at his initial assessment to a current score of 5++ by using whole objects in an object schedule system to using photographs of...



Searching for object in bin of green rice
Posted by Regina Quaid
and Misty Epperson All children love to play hidden object games. Here is an activity that I found on Pinterest that students with vision impairments can participate in with a few minor accommodations. I Spy Tubes First make the “I Spy Christmas...



Experience tub with dirt and associated objects
Posted by Liz Eagan
A student of mine is what I call "tactually hesitant". She's not defensive, just hesitant with new textures and experiences.  She is in a life skills class and is learning braille, and recently she surprised me! It took me nearly a school...



Reduced Core Board
Posted by Paths to Literacy
Submitted by Gerald Abner, Clinical Instructor with the Teacher Preparation Program for Visual Impairments and Jasamyn Nichols DeGrant a graduate of the program and Teacher of the Visually Impaired in Clark County Schools  Students who are blind or...



Chef Cheyenne
Posted by Liz Eagan
One of my students has been working with me for two and a half years on becoming more independent in cooking, learning new recipes, and learning to use new appliances and cooking implements. This year she is a senior, so at her annual IEP meeting we made a...



A young woman hold a tray with two baked items on it.
Posted by Linda Choy
Linda Choy is the mother of a young woman with MDVI in the Philippines. It has been 7 years since I wrote about Kara, who for a long time struggled with reading and writing braille, until she found that braille could help her reach out to her friend...



Busem reading braille
Posted by Pinar Safak
Busem is a young girl in Turkey, who was born at just 26 weeks. She was 700 grams and she spent her first 3 months in an intensive care unit. Due to Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP), she lost vision in both eyes and surgery was not able to restore her...



Mother's Day card
Posted by Linda Choy
My daughter Kara was born on 10/14/1998, at 6.5 months gestation.  She weighed 1.2 kgs, and had an extremely difficult survival course.  As a result, she is blind due to retinopathy of prematurity, she also has mild cerebral palsy and has global...



Page from tactile book with 3 triangular shaped food items
Posted by Liz Eagan
As TVIs, therapists, special educators or family members, we never have enough time to create all of the books that we want to.  Happily APH came out with a cool new product called Tactile Book Builder Kit and I ABSOLUTELY LOVE IT!  This...



A young girl touches a pony.
Posted by Peggy Sinclair-Morris
While working as a teacher of the blind and visually impaired, one particular teaching moment has really stayed with me.  A six-year-old student of mine was learning how to read braille; she had a nice little braille book in front of her and I was...



Potatoes for extension activity
Posted by Kelly Brown
How the Classroom Teacher, Speech Language Pathologist, and Teacher of Students with Visual Impairment came together to support one another and increase student engagement with a Reading Group   “It just seems like her days could be so much...



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