Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Shirt from cover of "Summer Is Here"
Posted by Louise France
also by Trịnh Thu Thanh and Hang Nguyen We love braille and we want to have a library in Hanoi, Vietnam to lend tactile books to children with visual impairment. We hope our books will inspire a love of books and motivate children to want to learn...



Sideview of person looking straight ahead
Posted by Liz Barclay
and by Marlena Chu, OD, FAAO The visual demands of learning are constant as students progress through elementary, middle and high school. For students who have low vision, the impact of visual fatigue can challenge and impede educational progress....



Child looking at lightbox with image of red shoe
Posted by Sarah Blackstone
This post is adapted with permission from the authors Aileen Arai, MA, Director of Education, The Bridge School and Sarah W. Blackstone, PhD, CCC-SLP, PI, CVI/AAC Project, The Bridge School, from a presentation at the Getting in Touch with Literacy conference...



Smiling broadly, student uses both hands to look at a braille book.
Posted by Scott Baltisberger
Some time ago, a TVI (Teacher of the Visually Impaired) shared information about one of her students. This child was eight years old, identified as visually impaired with no additional handicapping conditions and enrolled in a general education 2nd grade...



Student smiling as she types her story about the Indian food that she likes to eat. She is typing in the Voice Dream Writer app via a Bluetooth keyboard connected to an iPad.
Posted by Monique Coleman
Culturally Responsive Pedagogy (CRP) is ubiquitous in mainstream education circles, yet it doesn’t receive much attention in the world of blindness/visual impairment (b/vi) education. This article discusses why CRP matters and how it can be infused into...



Photo cards on black background: help, spoon, syringe, food bowl, diaper
Posted by Sharon Elliott
We have successfully transitioned my son who is non-verbal and scored at a 2.5 on The CVI Range (Dr. Christine Roman-Lantzy) at his initial assessment to a current score of 5++ by using whole objects in an object schedule system to using photographs of...



Dots and Dottie hold up the letter "a"
Posted by Kristie Smith
I created this book to teach braille to children who are sighted using the characters Dots and Dottie.  The book is illustrated by Bill Morgan and the poem is by my mother, Janelle Smith. Hello! My name is Dottie and this is my friend,...



January is #BrailleLiteracy month!  In SimBraille: celebrate braille literacy
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
Did you make a New Year's Resolution to learn braille this year?  Perhaps you would like to support your child, relative, or someone you know who is a braille reader.  Or perhaps you are a veteran teacher who knows braille, but you're...



Searching for object in bin of green rice
Posted by Regina Quaid
and Misty Epperson All children love to play hidden object games. Here is an activity that I found on Pinterest that students with vision impairments can participate in with a few minor accommodations. I Spy Tubes First make the “I Spy Christmas...



Green holiday card with braille Christmas tree and tactile stickers
Posted by Anna Ackley
There are currently 3 students in my district using braille as a primary or secondary media and I wanted to get them together to braille, celebrate their skills, and spread awareness about how amazing braille is, so I hosted a Braille Holiday Party! The goal...



A young boy putting clothes into the washing machine
Posted by TinaK
Miha is a 6-year-old boy born with LCA (Leber congenital amaurosis)  and is legally blind with only light perception. He was included in an early intervention program from a very early age, which was a good thing, but also a challenge.  The TVI (...



Collage of Assistive Technology for Math
Posted by Cecilia Robinson
Assistive technology (AT) for math consists of items and devices that range from low- to high-tech. Low-tech items may include manipulatives, such as money, shapes and solids, or measuring devices. High-tech devices can include, but are not limited to,...



Experience tub with dirt and associated objects
Posted by Liz Eagan
A student of mine is what I call "tactually hesitant". She's not defensive, just hesitant with new textures and experiences.  She is in a life skills class and is learning braille, and recently she surprised me! It took me nearly a school...



Reduced Core Board
Posted by Paths to Literacy
Submitted by Gerald Abner, Clinical Instructor with the Teacher Preparation Program for Visual Impairments and Jasamyn Nichols DeGrant a graduate of the program and Teacher of the Visually Impaired in Clark County Schools  Students who are blind or...



Chef Cheyenne
Posted by Liz Eagan
One of my students has been working with me for two and a half years on becoming more independent in cooking, learning new recipes, and learning to use new appliances and cooking implements. This year she is a senior, so at her annual IEP meeting we made a...



Black wall in classroom
Posted by tracy.wilks
Environmental modifications in the classroom can help students with cortical visual impairment (CVI) to function more independently.  Many of these modifications could benefit other students as well, by reducing visual clutter and complexity.  While...



Cricut bubble words
Posted by Diane Sheline
Having the new Roman Word Bubbling tool to create “Bubble” Words has been extremely helpful for those of us who use “Bubbling” as a strategy for increasing literacy skills in our students with CVI.  Developed by Dr....



Worksheet adapted for students with CVI
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
In their webinar Trust the Process: A Case Study in Literacy and CVI, TVIs (Teachers of the Visually Impaired) Amanda Whelan and Joy Wilson share tips and guidelines to adapt literacy materials for a Kindergarten student (Krish) with cortical visual...



ASL meets braille
Posted by formicap
My sister and I developed this book series.  She is deafblind with a renewed interest in learning braille. We are in our fifties and she uses tactile American Sign Language (ASL).   This is our second book in ASL form to help smooth the...



A photograph shows a teenage boy in school uniform using his cane and walking along a tactile pathway towards the Attendance Office.
Posted by Debra Goodsir
It’s amazing how much the example of a competent older student with a vision impairment can impact on all of the outcomes for younger students with vision impairments. And it’s equally amazing how allaying one basic fear in a learning setting can...



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