Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

SOLOM example
Posted by Heather Browne
How do we inform instruction? In today’s world of education, it is paramount for a teacher to create and implement instruction that is geared towards all students. One of the most influential pieces to inform this instruction is data. This is a...



Student at computer with large screen and text
Posted by Jane Miller
Mercy is a fifth-grade student who started a new public school this year after spending a year and a half doing virtual learning, one year of that being with REACH Cyber Charter School. Mercy’s first language was Mandarin. She was not fluent but...



A boy places wooden pegs into a wooden frame.
Posted by Conchita Hernandez
Finding a strategy for our English learners (EL) that are blind and low vision can be a struggle. This has to do with many EL strategies being picture-based, or not practical for the population of students we work with. We have likewise not been trained in...



NCIL Visual Impairment and Dyslexia title slide
Posted by Marnee Loftin
Marnee Loftin, a retired psychologist from the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, answers questions about visual impairment and dyslexia. Is Dyslexia present as well as identified in students with visual impairments? What are...



Second language acquisition
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
By Maria L. Muñoz, M.A., CCC-SLP, TSBVI First Language Acquisition Babies are born with the ability to distinguish speech from other sounds they hear, even though they do not understand what it means. By the time children reach school age, they...



student using an iPad for communication
Posted by Faye Gonzalez
It is more and more common for students to receive an iPad as their personal Communication Device.   The most common Communication apps are designed to provide a large vocabulary to non-verbal students.  However, these apps are often...



Teen student on laptop with chalkboard background saying hello in various languages
Posted by Lisha Yochimowitz
Did you know that Paths to Literacy has articles in Spanish and French? We are lucky enough to have professionals in our community that are bi-lingual and can provide some of our articles in other languages as we try to meet the needs of our viewers with...



A boy holds a bowl while using tactile sign.
Posted by Liamsmom
Storyboxes are a great way to make stories come alive for our children with vision impairments.  Storyboxes are also a way to make pictures in a children's story accessible.  A story box is simply a way to use objects to represent parts of a...



Preschool child on mother's lap on floor with communication device
Posted by Melissa Pebly
“There is no substitute for books in the life of a child" by Mary Ellen Chase (1952), American teacher and author, captured the importance of reading for children in the above quote. The benefits of reading include improved language and...



Braille Box
Posted by TiffanyMoore
The Braille Box is an instructional tool that aids in concept development and emerging braille literacy. About Braille Box I discovered the Braille Box during a session at an AER international conference. It was recommended for emerging braille readers...



A young boy putting clothes into the washing machine
Posted by TinaK
Miha is a 6-year-old boy born with LCA (Leber congenital amaurosis)  and is legally blind with only light perception. He was included in an early intervention program from a very early age, which was a good thing, but also a challenge.  The TVI (...



Braille alphabet
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
There are a number of resources available to teach people who are sighted the basics of the braille alphabet.  These include websites, activities, braille cards, and lesson suggestions for general education classrooms. They are not intended to teach the...



Charlotte and Lisha
Posted by Lisha Yochimowitz
Saying Goodbye and Introducing… Charlotte Cushman has been the Paths to Literacy manager and co-creator since its inception in 2010 when her team, from Perkins School for the Blind and Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, had a strong...



Preschooler looking at Bedtime in a Box
Posted by Conchita Hernandez
Bedtime in a Box is an innovative project that gives families materials for a bedtime routine. This adorable project provides the following items in a box: a bedtime routine log, books, pajamas, soap, towel, alarm clock and many more items to get children and...



Studio recorder
Posted by Diane Shifflett
Cut, paste, delete.  It's really that simple. Radio broadcasting for students who are blind or visually impaired might seem intimidating at first, but with user-friendly software called Studio Recorder from the American Printing House for the...



Young girl with flowers
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
Royal Dutch Visio, Centre of expertise for blind and partially sighted people offers a number of free publications, as well as assessment tools available for purchase, on the topic of tactual development for children who are blind or visually impaired...



Girl writing on Perkins brailler
Posted by Penny Rosenblum
The Project INSPIRE (Increasing the STEM Potential of Individuals who Read Braille) team developed “Nemeth in a Box for Middle School Students” to provide a fun way for students to practice their Nemeth skills and build their math concepts. In...



Experience book about swimming
Posted by Ellen Cadigan Mazel
So often when people think about making accessible books for children with CVI, they enthusiastically share ideas about removing the background clutter and complexity. They set off to create an accessible book. The trouble is that they stop at removing...



Picture of items in a literacy kit, including books, blocks, and toys
Posted by Deirdre Leech
By Patricia Weismer and Deirdre Leech A literacy kit is a set of activities that are designed to allow a student to actively participate and communicate during book reading activities. The primary purpose is to support and enhance the curriculum with math...



A boy feels water balloons in a plastic bin.
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
Our field lost a treasured friend and visionary colleague with the passing of Linda Hagood this month. She has contributed an enormous amount to the field, through her writing, her teaching, and her modeling of innovative techniques.  As a speech...



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