Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Reading materials
Posted by Gwyn McCormack
This Top Access Tip Sheet from Positive Eye is designed for teachers working with students who are blind or visually impaired to promote access to literacy.  It is available as a handout in the attached pdf document.  For more tip sheets, visit:...



A student looks through his multiview
Posted by Debra Goodsir
I have a student who is gifted, has Rod Monochromatism (visual acuity 6/36) and is in year 5 (5th grade). At the end of last year he and I reviewed his school experience and he explained that he was a little frustrated that his low vision impacts on his...



A young boy who is deafblind signs with his mother
Posted by Liamsmom
My 4-year-old, deafblind son Liam goes to gymnastics every Friday; a perfect opportunity for us to have a ‘go’ at making our first experience book together.                 What is an experience...



Abstract picture symbols
Posted by Faye Gonzalez
Many students who are blind or visually impaired with multiple disabilities (MDVI) use some kind of augmentative communication or symbol system.  While symbol systems can be the foundation of communication and literacy, it is essential to develop a...



Pointing to New Zealand
Posted by Laurie Hudson
  Describing Clearly Adapted from Classroom Collaboration, page 59 By Laurel J. Hudson, Ph.D. Published by Perkins School for the Blind, 1997     Sighted people typically communicate key information by pointing, drawing, demonstrating...



Father reading with young son
Posted by Bess Dennison
  Shared storybook reading with caregivers is one of the first and most important book experiences of children with visual impairments. It can be a wonderful way for parents or caregivers to enjoy an activity together, while also helping the child to...



Two young brothers explore books
Posted by Liamsmom
Create your own books and activities for the blind or deafblind child in your life! Liam’s story A brief summary (very brief) of our Liam’s story:  When my son was 2 ½ years old, he became sick with meningitis, the end result...



Ms. Katie, Ms. Katie Who Do You See?
Posted by Katie Armstrong
In a strategy posted by Charlotte called Labeling the Environment in an Accessible Format, she talked about texture symbols and object symbols. Name symbols are something that I have used in my preschool classroom for years!  This practice is an easy...



Job chart
Posted by Laurie Hudson
Introduction: Early elementary school classrooms typically post Job Charts.  These are lists of classroom responsibilities that students rotate through weekly.  Common jobs include “Plant Waterer,” “Line Leader,” “...



Frank John preparing backstage
Posted by Megan Mogan
About 3 years ago I found myself in the middle of what I thought was a routine Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team meeting for a high school student who also happened to be present at the table.  After a discussion of Eligibility categories and well into...



student using an iPad math app in her classroom
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
Updated on May 2022 Using iPads can be an important educational tool with children who are blind or have a visual impairment, including those who are deafblind or who have multiple disabilities. This post includes ideas for using an iPad as an assessment...



A boy reads with his younger brother.
Posted by Steve Perreault
Marcela Viviana Toscano, especialista en educación temprana de la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina, creó una presentación de powerpoint sobre un proyecto de alfabetización temprana para las familias. La presentación...



A boy reads with his brother.
Posted by Steve Perreault
Marcela Viviana Toscano, an early intervention specialist from the province of Buenos Aires in Argentina, created a powerpoint presentation about an early literacy project for families.  The presentation includes information about the importance of...



Young child in a Little Room
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
When Dr. Lilli Nielsen died last month, the fields of blindness, deafblindness, and the education of children with multiple disabilities lost a great friend and teacher.  Dr. Nielsen was born in Denmark in 1926, and worked as a preschool teacher, a...



Plaques with textures and braille
Posted by Liamsmom
Liam's playground: Constantly evolving to encourage play, independence and most importantly fun for our deafblind son.  Description: We wanted to create a playground that both of our sons could enjoy....



Girl reading braille book
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
TVI Ann Edie shares ideas for how to help students to maintain braille skills during summer break. 1. Go to students' homes or whatever summer school or day camp programs they are involved in to deliver TVI services over the summer. 2. Match the...



Learning how to put paper in braille writer
Posted by Penny Rosenblum
I am often asked for information about how to support the development of braille skills and braille literacy at home and I put together a packet for a conference a few years ago with some of my favorite resources.  The packet, which can be downloaded...



Confirmation activity
Posted by Megan Mogan
I live in Arizona and my mom lives in Illinois.  Last week I found myself ordering her Mother’s Day gift online. After typing my financial and personal information and checking the order twice, I hovered the cursor over the word PURCHASE. “...



Boy explores a storybox
Posted by Liamsmom
I adapted Goldilocks and the Three Bears for my 4-year-old son who is deaf-blind.   2 Bears: I wanted to create a story box for my son that was based off of a classic children's story.  My son is beginning to learn ASL.  I chose the...



A teenage boy uses a braille notetaker.
Posted by Anna Swenson
  By Anne Spitz, Teacher of the Visually Impaired, Dover, MA and Anna Swenson, Braille Literacy Consultant, Fairfax, VA The ideas in this post grew out of a workshop in Connecticut on Braille Literacy Skills and are posted in their complete...



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