Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



Two boys look through monoculars outdoors.
By cyralm
By Cyral Miller, Director of Outreach, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired    Have you ever wondered whether your child’s program is meeting educational standards related to his or her visual impairment?  How...



Adaptation of Brown Bear for children with CVI
By Charlotte Cushman
A group of teachers in the Deafblind Program at Perkins School for the Blind presented an hour-long webinar on various aspects of literacy for children with deafblindness: Literacy Adaptations for Students Who Are Deafblind with Christa...



girl holding a stuffed kitten
By Charlotte Cushman
Adaptations for a child who has a combined vision and hearing loss will depend on many factors, such as the amount of vision and hearing the child has, age, cognitive abilities, motor skills, and personal interests.  This post is the first of four parts...



A young girl jumping on a trampoline
By ScarlettsEyes
I have previously mentioned in my blogs about my daughter’s disdain of handling and exploring items unless they vibrate or sing! Counting for Scarlett has never been a problem as many musical toys incorporate the number sequence, which she can...



Collage of recommended hearing apps
By Linda Mamer
This post is a collection of my favorite applications (apps) related to hearing, speech work, and sign language.  This list may be helpful to anyone working with children who are deaf, hard of hearing, or deafblind, including Speech Language...



Ideas for Developing Functional Literacy Skills
By Frank Mead
    I have been a teacher in the Secondary Program at the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts for more than 30 years, and I am retiring this spring. I was asked to share some of my thoughts and strategies on...



Toys for Pre-Braille Development
By KimAvila
This post is a continuation of my earlier post: http://www.pathstoliteracy.org/braille-babies  This post focuses on developing hand and finger strength for using a braille writer, as well as on issues and concerns voiced by parents of children with...



accessibility screen on ipad
By Tara Mason
In today’s blog post, I will present a simple instructional model to implement when working with students and their iPads. I know most of us have studied instructional strategies and most of my suggestions may not be new. A key point is that when...



Tactile graphics collage
By gwyn52
Graphs and charts can be very challenging for students who are blind or visually impaired, whether they are using tactile graphs or large print graphs.  Students with visual impairments must be specifically taught how to interpret tactile graphics and...



Braille Babies
By KimAvila
This is the first of two parts. Read Part 2: Braille Babies: Toys to Promote Pre-Braille Skills   Braille Babies was designed after several years of implementing creative methods for teaching braille to young children and their...



Young boy using an iPad
By Tara Mason
I had the pleasure of learning all about one parent’s journey with her four and a half year old son and his iPad. She enthusiastically agreed to be interviewed for a Paths to Literacy Blog post.   It is a great opportunity to learn about iPad use...



mother showing child birthday book
By Liamsmom
Our Liam turned 5 last week and his little brother Finn turned 2 the week before. Liam and Finn celebrated their birthdays together with family and friends by having a birthday party at our house.  For those of you who don't already know, my son...



tactile maps on foam boards
By Laurie Hudson
Skills in reading/writing tactile images, or “tactile-graphicity,” develop with lots and lots of carefully sequenced, guided exposure to thoughtfully designed and well-made tactile images.  It takes time, strategy, and a steady hand to...



A student holds a 3-D math manipulative
By Tara Mason
There are numerous materials that will help students access the Common Core State Standards. These materials may be used to: access materials, exhibit knowledge and skills, or enhance learning activities associated with the CCSS. Presley and D’Andrea...



By Tara Mason
Being adept at using technology is essential—in fact critical—for visually impaired students. First, in order to access the environment around them, learn about the world, and function in their daily lives, these students need to learn to use...



student using symbols to make a list
By fayegonzalez
By Faye Gonzalez, TVI & COMS I had a dilemma over the past year in working with my students who have Visual & Multiple Disabilities (V&MD). One student in particular challenged my teaching methods. My dilemma was: Sensory activities...



mystic storykit
By Cindy Reed-Brown
Like most TVIs, the preschool Education Consultants at CT Services for the Blind have been using “storyboxes” for many years with our students. Also, like most TVIs, we’ve tried to provide a variety of social activities for our young...



young girl combing her hair
By ScarlettsEyes
Without reliable access to clear visual information, children who are visually impaired must rely on additional modes of learning, such as through touch and auditory information. So what do you do with a child who will only sing and is reluctant to explore...



Collage for selecting iPad apps
By Linda Mamer
  Making decisions about which applications (apps) for iPads are the most suitable for specific students involves a number of different steps.  This article looks at: Considerations for iPad App Selection How to Choose an...



Collage of handwriting tips
By gwyn52
Top Access Tips: Writing Students with visual impairments often benefit from the use of specialized tools and materials.  Special paper, writing tools, lighting and other equipment can make it easier for them to write.  It is important to...



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