Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



Two classmates read braille postcards
By Charlotte Cushman
Many teachers around the world struggle to meet the divergent needs of students who are different ages with very different needs and abilities.  Not every school has the luxury of grouping students by age and ability, and this can be a challenge for both...



Student reading braille flashcard
By Carlie Rhoads
Constant time delay, or CTD, is a technique that has been shown to be an effective intervention strategy to teach braille contractions to dual media learners making the transition from print to braille.  A research study was conducted at Vanderbilt...



Teen age girl holding Kermit the frog near her mouth
By Linda Hagood
Katrina loves Frogs and Braille. During the past school year, she has become an authority on her favorite frog, Kermit, especially in his Sesame Street role as "News Flash Reporter." She has created a series of fantasy stories in which she and...



A boy holding his birthday book.
By Liamsmom
This year for my son's birthday, we sent out invitations for his party at the park.  I asked that, if people wanted, for them to email me a birthday message for Liam to make into a birthday book at the party.  Once they emailed me the messages I...



Summer Reading collage
By Charlotte Cushman
Renee Toy, who is the librarian at Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI) recently sat down with Outreach Director Emily Coleman to discuss summer reading.  Their conversation is part of the podcast series A Sense of Texas.  Listen...



Page from tactile book with 3 triangular shaped food items
By Liz Eagan
As TVIs, therapists, special educators or family members, we never have enough time to create all of the books that we want to.  Happily APH came out with a cool new product called Tactile Book Builder Kit and I ABSOLUTELY LOVE IT!  This...



A young girl touches a pony.
By Peggy Sinclair-Morris
While working as a teacher of the blind and visually impaired, one particular teaching moment has really stayed with me.  A six-year-old student of mine was learning how to read braille; she had a nice little braille book in front of her and I was...



Adult pointing to Tack-Tiles while student manipulated them.
By Charlotte Cushman
Recently there has been a large amount of publicity about the development of Lego Braille Bricks.  While we applaud anything that promotes braille literacy, we also wanted to be sure that people are aware that Kevin Murphy created TACK-TILES®...



A boy with glasses looks at a tablet with large print text
By Stacey Chambers
As the current school year winds down, we begin to anticipate our learners’ transitions to new campuses and classrooms for the fall. What a great time to work on some Self-Determination skills as part of the ECC (Expanded Core Curriculum)!  I use...



Washington State School for the Blind Digital Learning
By Patti Fahle
As a TVI do you have middle or high school students that are struggling to keep up with the mainstreamed, fast-paced classroom?  Math is often visual and the instruction consists of teachers quickly scribbling equations on the board and verbalizing...



CVI Picture Symbols
By Krista Owens
Picture symbol programs such as Boardmaker, SymbolStix, LessonPix, etc. are wonderful and very convenient programs for teacher to use to adapt material for students, but have you considered the appropriateness of these programs for our students with...



A young girl with glasses using APH Braille Buzz and lego station
By Leslie Edmonds
Braille Lego sets coming out next year are the talk of the town this week amongst Teachers of the Visually Impaired.  I personally will be counting the days until they are released.  I’m a self-described Lego fanatic and any time I can...



A boy touches the braille blocks on his desk.
By Cierra Brettnacher
It seems as if braille blocks are the hot topic, thanks to LEGO announcing that they are going to be releasing a braille set. I envisioned this about three years ago and set out on my own to find a way to make it happen. My son, Anthony, is now 7 years old...



Yellow bowl over red spoon
By Claudia Swapp
A fun part of the recent Oregon CVI Conference was a “Make and Take” portion that included producing over 180 CVI adapted books to get out to students with cortical visual impairment in Oregon . The conference was held April 4 – 5, 2019 and...



Display of CVI books
By Scott Wall
By Scott Wall and Claudia Swapp A conference on Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI) for Teachers of the Visually Impaired was held in Bend, Oregon April 4-5 of this year.  The conference was prepared and presented by a team of professionals from Columbia...



Screenshot of Pinterest collaboration board
By Kaycee Bennett
I have been using Pinterest to help with lesson plan collaboration using shared boards. I am a DeafBlind Specialist and I have shared boards with a teacher that teaches in an elementary life skills classroom that our district calls Structured Learning...



Manjhi Moves a Mountain
By Nancy Churnin
We can all move mountains. That’s what I learned from Dashrath Manjhi, the hero of my non-fiction picture book, Manjhi Moves a Mountain, now available in contracted braille through the National Braille Press. And that’s what I hope to share with...



Potatoes for extension activity
By Kelly Brown
How the Classroom Teacher, Speech Language Pathologist, and Teacher of Students with Visual Impairment came together to support one another and increase student engagement with a Reading Group   “It just seems like her days could be so much...



Images of before and after snow melt with extra lines removed
By Adrienne Brown
As a TVI, I am always looking for a quick “go-to” reference sheet for classroom teachers. I created this one for science educators to take the guess work out of creating accommodations for students with low vision and cortical visual impairment (...



Glow in the Dark Egg Hunt
By Regina Quaid
Learners with vision impairments can sometimes feel left out when it comes to traditions, such as Easter Egg Hunts. There are auditory eggs hunts that learners with visual impairments can participate in, but what about those learners with CVI (cortical visual...



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