Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Emergent Literacy Strategies

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Below are strategies posts related to Emergent Literacy.

Task boxes

Setting Up Task Boxes to Encourage Independence

Activities can be set up in individual plastic bins for children to do independently.
Cover of "My Color Book" with title and circles of various colors

My Color Book

This homemade book is designed to give children practice identifying colors, including matching colors, naming colors, and identifying pictured items.
Blue binder open with a page that says: my first tracking book

My First Tracking Book

As a first year preschool teacher one of my first questions was: how can I help my students with a visual impairment develop pre-braille skills? The simple answer, help them develop tracking skills.
Stuffed gruffalo with braillewriter in background

Interactive Read-Aloud and Story Box of The Gruffalo by Julia Donaldson

Interactive read-alouds, combined with a story box, make books accessible for all students. Using the Gruffalo by Julia Donaldson is a fun way to combine learning and play.
Bath Time story with objects

Bath Time Discussion Box and Book

Discussion boxes are an early literacy activity for young children with visual impairments, deafblindness or multiple disabilities, where they collect real objects from a routine activity such as bath
Velcro around perimeter of paper with two square wooden blocks on the left side.

Positional Concept Game

This game is designed to reinforce positional concepts on the page, including left/right, top/bottom, and center.
Cover of Pete the Cat and His Four Groovy Buttons

Pete the Cat and His Four Groovy Buttons Book

Adaptation of "Pete the Cat and His Four Groovy Buttons" Book for students with CVI.
Colorful balls in muffin tin

Homemade Shape Sorter

This homemade shape sorter gives young children or children with multiple disabilities practice with basic concepts, such as size discrimination, while also developing fine motor skills.
Cover of bath book

Bath Book with Objects

This book is designed for young children to use with their bathtime routine. It's waterproof and is made to get wet!
Cover of Birthday Party experience book

Birthday Party Experience Book

Experience books are a great way to introduce young children who are blind or visually impaired, or those with multiple disabilities or deafblindness, to literacy and books, as in this Birthday Party.
Student examining braille flashcards

Concept Flashcards: Tactile Images and Braille Labels

These concept cards can be used to match the real object to the tactile image and braille label or to sort into categories with students who are blind or visually impaired.
Keegan Misses Daddy

Missing Daddy: An Experience Story About a Difficult Topic

Not all experience or social stories have to be about happy things! Sometimes telling those hard stories can help our children process through their feelings and can provide language to support them.
A young boy examines a toothbrush on the page of a book.

Joseph's Bath Book: An Object Book for Early Literacy

In the early stages of literacy, real objects can be attached to each page, so that children who are blind, visually impaired, deafblind or with multiple disabilities can explore each item.
Materials for Alphabet Soup and Braille Muffin actiivty

Alphabet Soup and Braille Muffins

This early literacy activity reinforces initial letter sounds in a fun and playful way for beginning braille readers.
Rainy Day book with objects for story hour

Adapting "One Rainy Day" for Students with Visual Impairments

Ideas to adapt "One Rainy Day" for children with visual impairments and multiple disabilities
Objects for The Cow Who Clucked

Using the Story “The Cow Who Clucked” to Introduce Animals & Animal Sounds to Young Students

Ideas to use the story “The Cow Who Clucked” to introduce animals & animal sounds to young students with visual impairments or multiple disabilities, using a storybox, tactile and picture symbols
Two hands reading braille text

Video: Tracking in Braille

This video presents the best setup, hand placement, and left to right technique for tracking braille.
Braille Literacy Kit

Braille Literacy Resource Kit

Braille Literacy Resource Kit for preschoolers who are blind or visually impaired and currently learning at home with their families
Bingo cards

Bingo Home Activity

This Bingo Home Activity is designed for families of younger students and students with multiple disabilities; it was created by a life skills teacher at the Ohio State School for the Blind.
Cover of "Splish the Fish" from APH

Two Read-Alouds of Early Literacy Books from APH

TVI Tracy Fitch reads aloud two books for young children who are blind or visually impaired: "That's Not My Bear" and "Splish the Fish" from American Printing House for the Blind.