Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Emergent Literacy Strategies

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Below are strategies posts related to Emergent Literacy.



Cover of tactile journal

Tactile Journals

Tactile journals support writing about experiences for students who are blind, visually impaired, or deafblind, including those with multiple disabilities.

All About Me!

Create an "All About Me" book using objects, textures, tactile symbols, print and braille for children with visual impairments & multiple disabities
Items starting with the letter "b"

Alpha Boxes

Fun hands-on activity for beginning braille readers to begin to pair initial letter sounds with the braille alphabet
Image of panda bear and turtle with books

Object Symbols for Choice Making

In this activity, real objects are paired with object symbols to build an understanding of symbolic representation.
Photo of a veltex board with small stuffed animals and letter cards attached.

Using Objects to Reinforce Consonant Sounds

Activity to use objects to reinforce consonant sounds with beginning braille readers
Page from accessible power point book about making macaroni and cheese.

Let's Make Macaroni and Cheese

This accessible powerpoint book offers step-by-step instructions to make macaroni and cheese; includes audio output and can be operated by a simple switch.
Modified page of The Garden with tactile flowers

Using Textures to Adapt Simple Books

Guidelines to adapt simple books for children who are blind or visually impaired
Cover of Tactile Treasures from APH

Understanding Tactile Graphics: Tactile Treasures and Real Objects

Teaching students who are blind or visually impaired to make the transition from real objects to tactile graphics using the APH Tactile Treasures kit
Photo of Shapes & Sharing Picnic Basket

Shapes & Sharing Picnic Basket

Activity to motivate beginning readers in a play setting, using braille or print cards
Object box and word cards for Feely Meely game

Feely Meely: Game to Match Braille to Objects

Simple game for children who are blind or visually impaired to match braille or print word cards to objects
Photo of What's Gnu? game

What's Gnu?

Activity for beginning braille readers using adaptation of What's Gnu?
Young boy explores objects on tray, including apple and sand.

Pre-Braille Experiences for Infants and Toddlers

Tips to promote prebraille and early literacy for young children who are blind or visually impaired

Jim Durkel discusses the Wheatley Picture Maker from APH

Using the Wheatley Picture maker to support young children with visual impairments to participate in emergent writing activities.

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