Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Emergent Literacy Strategies

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Below are strategies posts related to Emergent Literacy.



A child's hands explore a bowl.

Using Exploratory Procedures to Build Tactile Skills

10 tips to increase tactile exploration with young children with visual impairments, including those with multiple disabilities.
Sample pages from book showing seahorse and octopus

Sea Life-Themed Tactile Book: What Do You See in the Sea?

This tactile book is an ocean-themed book about sea animals, which has been adapted for a braille student in Kindergarten.
the cover of a tactile book showing a picture of a girl wearing a winter coat and hat and the title Analelia Likes

Tactile Alphabet Book

A parent shares tips to make your own tactile books at home!
Tactile graphic organizer

Our Version of the Tactile Graphic Organizer

Tips to create a tactile graphic organizer using tangible symbols with students who are blind or visually impaired, including those with multiple disabilities
two cards with tactile objects representing two activities

Object Symbols for Preschool Student

Setting up an object symbol system with a preschool student with visual impairments and multiple disabilities
Tactile art station

Tactile Art Station

Tips to make art projects accessible using tactile symbols at home or at school.
Lazy Susan with braille labels

Spin and Move!

This game provides practice matching textures, objects, and braille words. Kids will enjoy reading braille labels and performing the action movements on the card!
Braille Bingo

Braille Bingo!

Braille Bingo is a fun way for students to practice contractions and other braille skills to promote braille literacy.
Blue and Yellow Lego Stax

Light-Up Stacking Blocks Work on Eye-Hand Coordination

Light-up stacking blocks help students with visual impairments to work on eye-hand coordination.
two cartoon bugs, one named Obb and one named Bob

Obb and Bob Braille Practice with Nonsense Words

This fun interactive game gives beginning braille readers practice recognizing nonsense and real words, which promotes decoding skills and reading comprehension.
a felt mouse and an empty cookie package on the cover of a book

"If You Give a Mouse a Cookie" Adaptation

Tactile adaptation of "If You Give a Mouse a Cookie" for braille readers.
Liam and heart book

Valentine's Day Fun for Children who are Blind and Their Siblings!

Here are some Valentine's Day activities to do with children who are blind or visually impaired and their siblings!
Picture of word cube with braille labels and braille word cards

Ready for Phonics - Making Words

Hands-on phonics activity for beginning braille readers and those who have additional disabilities
Pages in a pegboard book

Pegboard Books for Our Earliest Readers

Pegboard books provide a way for young children who are blind or visually impaired, including those with multiple disabilities, to explore books and tactile materials.
a flip book next to a Superman action figure

Tactile Superhero Book

Make your own braille tactile book about superheroes for children who are blind, deafblind or low vision.
Symbol for laundry detergent

Grocery Shopping Book

Using tactile symbols to support grocery shopping with children who are blind or visually impaired, including those with additional disabilities
Modified Candy Land pieces

Adapting Candy Land for Players Who Are Blind or Deafblind

Adapt Candyland for players who are blind, low vision or deafblind! Just add braille and tactile symbols for an accessible and inclusive game.
Image of Front of Book with text "Snow, Snow, What Do You See?", a printed snowflake and two foam cut-out snowflakes. Printed text "By: ____" at bottom of front cover.  Picture of assembled and decorated snowman, complete with hat, scarf, boots and white cane.

Winter Tactile Experience Book: Snow, Snow, What Do You See?

This hands-on activity gives beginning braille readers a chance to create a tactile book about winter.
Tactile tracking pages

Tracking Activities for Pre-Braille Learners

Tactile materials can be attached to cardstock to give pre-braille students practice with tracking and other tactile skills
Christmas stocking with labels

Festive Christmas Stocking Game

This Christmas game encourages braille reading, matching and tactile discrimination.

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