Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Strategies for Multiple Disabilities

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Below are posts related to Multiple Disabilities strategies.

Cover of key book

Creating a Book that Motivates Children with Additional Disabilities: Keys

Creating a book that motivates children who are blind with additional disabilities includes using real objects that a child is interested in such as those that make sounds or have interesting textures
Creative Play area set up for Three Little Pigs

Experiencing the Story: Expanding Creative Play Centers

Setting up an experience area in the Creative Play center of preschool classrooms can help children who are blind or visually impaired or multiply disabled to develop a deeper understanding of stories
Hygiene bag

Tactile Symbols for Hygiene Bag

Make activities of daily living more fun with this song and routine!
Independent exercise sheet

Wellness Program for Youth Who Are Deafblind

Incorporate literacy skills into a wellness program for students with deafblindness or multiple disabilities.
A girl examines a bracelet on her wrist

Nature Walk

Nature walks can inspire students with visual impairments to write about what they find.
Textured items and bells in a metal bucket

Tactile Fun Bucket

Make your own tactile fun bucket for young children who are blind or visually impaired to develop tactile discrimination skills and basic concepts.
Cover of restaurant book

Restaurant Book with Tactile Symbols

Create your own book of tactile symbols to enable students with multiple disabilities to order their own food at a restaurant.
cards with photos of physical education activities

Choice Cards for Adaptive PE

Choice cards for adaptive PE allow students with multiple disabilities to make choices and control their environment.
A PVC easel painted black with red bead necklaces hanging down from it.

CVI Bead Bar

Learn how to create your own CVI Bead Bar using Mardi Gras beads for students with cortical visual impairment.
Tactile Christmas tree on classroom door

Tactile Holiday Decorations

Make your holiday decorations tactile and accessible to all children!
Christmas wreath in tactile experience book

Christmas Tactile Experience Book

This example of a tactile experience book uses items associated with Christmas as a literacy experience for a girl with CVI and additional disabilities.
Cover of "What's Inside?" pumpkin book

Pumpkin Experience Book

Create your own pumpkin experience book with students with visual impairments, deafblindness or multiple disabilities
a baby owl on a dirt path

Owl Babies Story Box

Create a storybox about Owl Babies for children who are deafblind, blind or visually impaired, including those with multiple disabilities.
Cover of The Beach

Providing Direct Experience to Develop Concepts

Children with visual impairments and other special needs need to develop an understanding of basic concepts in order to grasp meaning in books.
Index card with "help" in print and braille

Cards to Promote Independence

Promote independence with students with special needs, including those with visual impairments, using these index cards.
Red cup and yellow washcloth

Using Tangible Symbols at Home

Guidelines to use object symbols at home with children who are blind, deafblind or visually impaired with additional disabilities (VIMD)
CVI pegboard book

Getting Ready for School: CVI-Friendly Pegboard Book

Learn how to make a pegboard book for children with CVI (Cortical Visual Impairment) following the model of Active Learning
Cover of Three Bright Red Pom Poms Lined Up in a Row

Three Bright Red Pom Poms Lined Up in a Row

Learn to create your own book for children with CVI (cortical visual impairment) in Phase 1
Page of book with red mylar gift bag on right

Where is the Red Gift Bag?

DIY book for children with CVI (Cortical Visual Impairment) using a red mylar gift bag
Materials for modified version of Clifford's Family

Clifford's Family: Modified Version

Step-by-step instructions to modify Clifford's Family for Children with CVI (Cortical Visual Impairment)