Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Strategies for Multiple Disabilities

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Below are posts related to Multiple Disabilities strategies.

bulletin board for bookworms

Inching Our Way to Literacy

Textures can be used to refer to the same book in different contexts for students who are blind or visually impaired with multiple disabilities.
A pair of red mittens

Story Box for "All You Need for a Snowman"

This storybox is a fun winter activity for children who are blind or visually impaired, deafblind or multiply disabled. Uses real objects about winter
Cover of Mouse Mess

Modifying books for children with CVI

Many picture books need to be modified for children with Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI). Decreasing visual clutter and increasing contrast is a simple strategy.
labels in cubbies

Labeling the Environment in an Accessible Format

Labeling items in the environment in an accessible format is important for developing literacy skills, as well as O & M or Orientation and Mobility for children who are blind or visually impaired, deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.
Image of ready-to-bake pizza

Making Pizza

Making pizza can be a functional and meaningful way to incorporate literacy skills for students who are blind or visually impaired, including those with multiple disabilities or deafblindness.
Braille labels and textures on Christmas packages

Tactile Holidays

Creative ideas to make Christmas and the holiday season accessible to children who are blind or who have multiple disabilities
Cards with names of different scents on them

Ten Scents of Christmas Sensory Cards

This multi-sensory game uses the Ten Scents of Christmas in a matching game, which can be adapted for children who are blind or visually impaired.
Photo: Student at table working on his braillewriter

Motivating Older Adolescents Who Are Emerging Readers

This strategy from a speech therapist is designed to help teachers find appropriate literacy instruction for students who have significant multiple disabilities in addition to their visual impairment.
Photo of tactile advent calendar

Tactile Advent Calendar

Tactile advent calendar uses objects
Child manipulated squishy bag on lightbox

Squishy Bag - A tactile / multi-sensory approach to pre-writing and writing skills

This multi-sensory tactile activity encourages children to develop handskills, including hand and finger strength, finger isolation, and squeezing.
Cover of touch book of textures

Make Your Own Touch Book!

Learn how to make a touch book to promote tactile skills with children who are blind or visually impaired, deafblind or who have multiple disabilities
Photo of picture book with sponge and rubber duck as part of story box

Beginning Story Box: Little Rabbit's Bedtime

This storybox presents simple familiar objects to illustrate the story of Little Rabbit's Bedtime.
Page of language experience story about watering the plant

Experience Book About Planting Seeds

This experience story about planting seeds uses pictures, text in braille and print, and other tactile materials to share the story and sequence events.
Colored stars on black background

Beginning Books for Children with CVI

Create books for children with cortical visual impairment (CVI) using simple materials with limited complexity.

Tactile Quilts That Tell a Story

There are many ways to tell a story and in this example students who are blind or visually impaired tell stories on tactile quilts.
Image of tactile calendar

Individualized Adapted Calendars

Ideas for setting up individual calendars for students with visual impairments and additional disabilities
Addition problem using tactile counting aids

Counting in Tactile Journals

Create tactile books or journals to work on counting and other early learning concepts with young children who are blind or visually impaired.
Cover of tactile journal

Tactile Journals

Tactile journals support writing about experiences for students who are blind, visually impaired, or deafblind, including those with multiple disabilities.
Image of panda bear and turtle with books

Object Symbols for Choice Making

In this activity, real objects are paired with object symbols to build an understanding of symbolic representation.
Page from accessible power point book about making macaroni and cheese.

Let's Make Macaroni and Cheese

This accessible powerpoint book offers step-by-step instructions to make macaroni and cheese; includes audio output and can be operated by a simple switch.