Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are posts related to research.

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Factors Related to Braille Reading Acquisition Among Aging Braille Learners

By Charlotte Cushman
Factors Related to Braille Reading Acquisition Among Aging Braille Learners: Exploring the Use of Technology to Enhance Training Outcomes
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Results From the First Worldwide Survey of Audio Description Activity

By Charlotte Cushman
Results From the First Worldwide Survey of Audio Description Activity
Pile of multi-colored legos

Benefits of Decreasing Visual Clutter with Students with CVI

By Charlotte Cushman
This research study explores the improved visual functioning in students with cortical visual impairment (CVI) when visual clutter is reduced.
Father reading to young child

Association of the Type of Toy Used During Play With the Quantity and Quality of Parent-Infant Communication

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study examines which types of everyday activities promote best language environment for children: books, traditional toys, or electronic toys
Child sits next to a female adult on the steps

Study Confirms Importance of Communicative Exchange

By Charlotte Cushman
Conversational exchange between an adult and a child can help with brain development
Braille Teaching and Literacy cover sheet

Braille Teaching and Literacy: A Report for the European Blind Union and European Commission

By Charlotte Cushman
This report on braille teaching and literacy discusses findings from a two-year project in Europe investigating braille teaching and literacy.
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Visual Impairment in Preschool Children in the United States

By Charlotte Cushman
This research study found that the number of preschool children with VI is projected to increase disproportionally, especially among minority populations.
Cover of Journal on Technology & Persons with Disabilities, Volume 5

Journal on Technology & Persons with Disabilities, Volume 5

By Charlotte Cushman
Scientific/Research Proceedings from 2017 CSUN conference
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Mediating Haptic Exploratory Strategies in Children Who Have Visual Impairment and Intellectual Disabilities

By Charlotte Cushman
Research article on mediating haptic exploratory strategies in children who have visual impairment and intellectual disabilities
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The Hands and Reading: What Deafblind Adult Readers Tell Us

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study about how adults who are deafblind learned language and learned to read.
Brain images of ocular VI and CVI

Cerebral vs. Ocular Visual Impairment: The Impact on Developmental Neuroplasticity

By Charlotte Cushman
Research on cerebral visual impairment (CVI) and the potential educational implications
Cover of Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

Autism and Visual Impairment: A Review of the Literature

By Charlotte Cushman
Literature review on the relationship between Autism Spectrum Disorder and Visual Impairment (ASDVI).
A teacher in South Sudan writes a math problem on the blackboard.

Brain Activity and Math in People Who Are Blind

By Charlotte Cushman
Research on math and the brain in people who are blind
child's hands reading braille

Improving Braille Reading Fluency: The Bridge to Comprehension

By Charlotte Cushman
Evidence-based research on braille fluency and braille literacy
Logo Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience

Case Study of Visual Deficits in CVI

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on CVI (Cerebral / Cortical Visual Impairment)
A young girl with glasses looks at an iPad

iPad Research Promising for Children with Cortical Visual Impairment

By Charlotte Cushman
This news release from the University of Kansas describes the strong appeal that iPads have for many children with Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI).
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Results of WebAIM Screen Reader Survey #6

By Charlotte Cushman
Results of the 6th survey of screen readers suggests that Window-Eyes and ZoomText must be included in all web accessibility testing.
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Youth Share Their Experiences in a Research Study on Braille and Tactile Graphics

By Charlotte Cushman
Research study on braille and tactile graphics includes implications for practitioners
a student manipulates the magnetic tiles

Linguistics Professor Creates Tactile Magnet Board

By Tmiller
Linguistics professor at Haverford College creates tactile magnet board to make the study of phonetics accessible to students who are blind.
wearable vision simulator

Immersive Simulation of Visual Impairments Using a Wearable See-through Display

By Charlotte Cushman
New simulation tool helps simulate visual impairments