Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Navajo Braille Code

Navajo design pattern with arrows, starbursts, and other icons (from Pixabay)

Diné Bizaad Braille BiKáá

I developed a braille code for the Navajo language and it was approved by the Navajo Nation Board of Diné Education.  Navajo braille has no contractions. Navajo words and passages are to be fully written in alphabetic, uncontracted braille. Punctuation, type face, and numbers will adhere to the UEB guidelines (see BANA, 2013). It was designed to be used to instruct adults and children who use braille to read and write in Navajo. 


Chart of Navajo Braille Code

chart of braille


Nasal Vowels are indicated by prefixing Braille cell with dots 4 and 6 (dots 4,6) before a plain or high-tone vowel.

chart of Navajo vowels in braille


What are the next steps with the Navajo Braille Code?

It will be shared with the Braille Authority of North America in order to be adopted for World Braille Usage. Once it is approved and adopted by the Navajo Nation and BANA, it will be shared with the Arizona School for the Blind, the New Mexico School for the blind, and the Utah School for the Blind so that Teachers of the Blind and Visually Impaired (TVIs) and transcribers will become aware of the standardization of a Navajo Braille Code to be used with blind children, especially blind Navajo children. Also, major colleges and universities in the four corners region will be made aware of the code as well so that adults who use braille will have access to learning Navajo language. Once the braille code is formally adopted by the Navajo Tribe it will be shared throughout educational and professional communities which serve blind and visually impaired adults and children within the Navajo Nation and surrounding communities. It could also be posted on the Navajo Nation Department of Diné Education website

Collage of Navajo Braille Code


Navajo Braille

Posted by Carol Chee

Posted on December 10, 2017
Updated on: May 4, 2021

Previous comments for Navajo Braille Code

Carol Chee commented on December 15, 2017

Like more information when it is available.