Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

The Rules of Unified English Braille

Rules of UEB cover
The International Council on English Braille (ICEB) published the second edition of The Rules of Unified English Braille (UEB) in 2013.  Edited by Christine Simpson, it is available for download in print or braille on their website:
Click here to download the PDF.

Attached Files: 


the exact rules for the Typeform indicatores uses

Posted by shadia Ewada

Posted on September 3, 2015
Updated on: April 27, 2018

Previous comments for The Rules of Unified English Braille

Charlotte Cushman commented on February 1, 2017

Please contact for answers to your questions, as they are the authorities on the rules.

shadia Ewada commented on January 31, 2017

I have two questions.

At the book of Rules of Unified English Braille, at section 9.9.1 ( Type form passages extending across consecutive same text elements). it say :
When transcribing a typeform passage which extends over more than one text element (e.g. a series of consecutive paragraphs), each text element is preceded by the typeform passage indicator and the typeform is terminated only at the point where the typeform changes.
I did share this with couple teachers, and they couldn't figure what that means.
[ Does it mean; that each paragraph should be preceded by a typeform passage indicator, and ended by the typeform terminator. and then, we do the same with the other paragraphs. That if we have couple passages in Italic through a regular print text? ] ..

My second question:

Is the Italic passage typeform indicator will be effected and not needed to be added to the new print page after using the Page line separation; when the paragraph is not finished yet, or what??

I hope I have some guide from you.

Thank you. Shadia Ewada