Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

10 Strategies for Teaching Math to Children with Visual Impairments

Math icon

Hillary Kleck shares ten strategies for teaching math to children who are blind or visually impaired:

  1. Break down the process into simple steps and ensure the child understands the importance of each step in the method. 
  2. Explain each step verbally while demonstrating hand over hand, or hand under hand.
  3. Have the child say each step aloud.
  4. Use hands-on manipulatives within areas consisting of tactile boundaries, like cups or plates.
  5. Have the child repeat key information aloud.
  6. Experiment working while in a standing position or sitting on a sensory cushion.
  7. Use fun and engaging stories to set up the problem to associate real world objects and issues with mathematical concepts. Try including the child as the character in the story.
  8. Use textures or raised line images/stickers in place of color printed images.
  9. Use bright and bold contrasting colors for background and text for low vision children.
  10. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat. Children learn with practice so just because your child doesn’t catch on right away, keep at it each day (taking breaks will allwith a positive and encouraging attitude to build confidence and self-esteem.
Posted on February 18, 2013
Updated on: March 28, 2018