Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Adapting the Environment for Independence

Workstation with materials in boxes marked with the object, print and braille

Here's a way to adapt a work/art station by substituting the picture with the actual object.  By pairing the object with the large print and braille word, it gives kids a "hands on" opportunity to experience environmental literacy. This will lead to an understanding of signs and billboards that are encountered in the environment but unreachable.  When there is a matching braille/large print label on the shelf, there is an opportunity for letter matching and independent access and clean up to the activity.


Work boxes (plastic or cardboard) with materials for art and writing:  

  • scissors
  • crayons
  • markers
  • pencils
  • glue
  • paints
  • paint brushes
  • paint trays
  • play dough
  • play dough toys
  • templates
  • paper scraps
  • art scraps (feathers, tactile paper, yarn...)
  • stickers
  • stamps.

Braille and print labels and hot glue to afix the object to the outside of the box.


Hot glue the objects to the outside of the box.  Affix a large print and braille label on both the box and the shelf where the box is kept.


This same idea can be done with toys such as legos, blocks, figures, plastic animals...etc.


independence collage


Common Core and Braille Standards

Foundational Skills: 

RF.K.1 Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
RF.K.1d Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

Kindergarten - Word Analysis, Fluency, and Systematic Vocabulary Development : 

K.1.3 Understand that brailled materials provide information.
K.1.6 Recognize and name all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
Posted on August 26, 2013
Updated on: February 7, 2018