Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

O & M Travel Cards and Book

Incorporating beginning literacy skills into Orientation and Mobility

I started by creating "travel cards" for various things that my student encountered while on an Orientation and Mobility lesson outdoors.  As he found an item (such as the bark on a tree, gravel, etc.) we named it and found the matching card.  Once he was able to identify each of the items, we made "Let's Go For A Walk", which uses the same object identifiers in a book format.


  • cardboard
  • hot glue
  • items from the environment (tree bark, small stones, leaves, pieces of fence, etc.)
  • binding for book

CAUTION:   If gluing the chicken wire down, first flatten it so it doesn't curve during the gluing process.   Use scissors to hold it down and to avoid burning the fingers.


  1. Explore the environment while walking outside.
  2. Name items that are encountered (tree bark, leaves on bush, grass, rocks, fence, etc.)
  3. Collect samples of these items with the students.
  4. Glue the samples onto "travel cards".
  5. Create a book using the same objects or partial objects.

***  Be aware of glare with any lamination or plastic covers!

Let's take a walkLeaves







Small stonestree bark








  • Add braille and/or large print to the pages.
Common Core and Braille Standards


W.K.2  Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.
W.K.3  Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.


Who Knew?

Posted by Kathi Loudon

Posted on December 9, 2013
Updated on: February 13, 2022

Previous comments for O & M Travel Cards and Book

Kathi Loudon commented on February 7, 2014

Who knew those objects I use with my students could be turned into cards and then later books? OMG I am speechless. Thank you for helping me to be a better teacher!