Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

O&M and Explanatory Text

Boy using a cane

Students will write an expository paragraph outlining the steps necessary to travel from one place to another. Students will utilize the writing process to plan and develop their paragraph. Students will utilize proper sentence structure, grammar usage, punctuation, and spelling.


  • Brailler
  • Computer
  • Maps
  • O&M journals


  1. Students will choose two destination (Point A and Point B) that they have traveled to and from during an O&M lesson.
  2. Students will brainstorm to determine how to get from Point A to Point B either on foot or by using public transportation and list the steps of their directions in chronological order.
  3. Maps may be used to help determine their route. Suggested maps include - tactile map, auditory map, large print map, O&M map, transit map, city map, GIS/GPS
  4. Students will write a rough draft that incorporates an introduction and a conclusion.
  5. Encourage students to use transitional words and phrases as necessary to help with the flow of the paragraph.
  6. Encourage students to use prepositional phrases and to vary their sentences structures.
  7. Students will check for mistakes in sentence structure, grammar usage, punctuation, and spelling during editing.
  8. Students will submit the final copy of their paragraphs.
Common Core and Braille Standards


W.7.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.
W.7.3c Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another.
W.7.3e Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on the narrated experiences or events.
W.7.5 With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.
W.7.6 Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and link to and cite sources as well as to interact and collaborate with others, including linking to and citing sources.
Posted on November 30, 2014
Updated on: February 13, 2022