Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Wellness Program for Youth Who Are Deafblind

Independent exercise sheet

Youth who are blind or visually impaired with additional disabilities can learn to be more independent as their literacy skills increase, as shown in this activity for a group of teenagers with deafblindness in the public school system.

The goal was to encourage them to be more physically active through basic stretching and simple exercises, while also encouraging them to be as independent as possible while using their literacy skills. The staff started with a list of printed exercises for the class to do, but since the students were not able to read the instructions themselves, they were dependent on staff for direction.
Wellness chart
Line drawings


Each student keeps track in their own way.

  • Individual exercise sheets, accessible to each student at their own level
  • Clipboard or notebook to organize sheets
  • Marker or way for student to note when exercise has been completed​




  • Observe each student in the exercise program and review their individual literacy needs and skills
  • Design individual exercise sheets in the format best suited for their needs and accessible to their preferred literacy mode
  • Encourage students to be as independent as possible in following the list of required exercises for each session
  • Provide support, as needed, for them to fill out their personal exercise sheets

Some students learn to keep track of their time.



This example uses a combination of large print and line drawings, but other picture symbols, braille or tactile symbols could also be used. Some students may want to learn to keep track of how much time they have used different pieces of exercise equipment or may wish to learn to check their own heart rate or pulse.

Common Core and Braille Standards


W.K.2  Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.
W.K.3  Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.

Collage of incorporating literacy

Posted on March 22, 2018
Updated on: March 25, 2020