Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are strategies for all content areas.

Watch book

Watches: A Tactile Book for Young Braille Readers

By Calleen Gaeir
This tactile book uses all different kinds of watches to reinforce concepts such as big and little.
Lazy sue activity

Lazy Sue Braille Development Activity

By gwyn52
The activity is designed to support the practice and understanding of braille letters and contractions.
Lunch crunch book cover

Lunch Crunch Story Box

By Showarth
This activity uses real food items along with the book "Lunch Crunch" to make it more meaningful for children who are blind or visually impaired, including those with low vision.
shape book cover with braille

The Shape Book

By esquinn
Hands-on tactile book to teach students who are blind or visually impaired about shapes
question cards reading 'why?' 'identify' and 'minerals'

Question Cards

By KQuinn
This activity is designed to help students who are autistic, including those with visual impairments or multiple disabilities, to develop their critical thinking skills.
Patterns for April

Circle Time Ideas for Beginning Braille Readers

By Vanessa Walker
Young children who are blind or visually impaired can participate actively in classroom calendar time using these braille adaptations.
Girl using brailler to write about the project she made with twigs and paper dolls

Enrichment Activity for Beginning Braille Readers

By Liz Eagan
This fun hands-on activity for young children who are blind or visually impaired includes the creation of a collage of materials from nature, and the writing of a story about it.
Ice cube painting example

Ice Cube Painting

By mdesany
Designed by an Occupational Therapist (OT), this activity uses a unique medium to work in and provides special sensory elements to drawing and writing for children with visual impairments or multiple disabilities.
bubble wrap painting

Bubble Wrap Painting

By mdesany
This activity by an OT is a fun way to work on improving fine motor skills and handwriting.
braille label crayons

Braille Label Crayon Board

By TVI.Stacy
This practical strategy is designed to help braille users organize and keep track of crayons.
Binder with text on the front "Word Bank Binder"

Word Bank Binder

By Liz Eagan
This activity helps students to match uncontracted braille to the contracted form.
yellow chick next to open purple plastic egg with a note in braille "I love you"

Easter Basket Fun

By Liz Eagan
This hands-on Easter activity reinforces literacy skills for students with visual impairments by creating sentences in braille or large print to put in Easter baskets
pattern shapes

Recognizing and Extending Patterns with Shapes

By okyungkans
This activity is designed to help students who are blind or visually impaired to recognize patterns and extend them.
Index card with image of plants

Teaching Vocabulary to Use in the Community

By Liz Eagan
Pre-teaching vocabulary is a helpful strategy to enable students who are blind or visually impaired with additional disabilities to get more out of community experiences.
Collage of O & M literact activity

O&M Literacy: "Pairs" Game

By Laurie Hudson
This Orientation and Mobility activity is designed help students to refine their cognitive maps of their schools and to develop their estimations of time lapsed.
Cover of feelings booklet with different facial expressions

Feelings Book

By Liz Eagan
This Feelings Book can help students who are blind or visually impaired to write about topics and emotions that may be challenging for them.
Book with hearts and says "Mommy Loves You"

Mommy Book

By Liamsmom
This is a strategy for parents or caregivers who will be separated from a child who is deafblind or who might not understand where the person has gone.
Shamrock with green glitter

St. Patrick's Day Activity

By Liz Eagan
This braille activity is a good way to celebrate St. Patrick's Day with children who are blind or visually impaired.
Braille flashcards for beginning readers

Braille Flashcards

By Liz Eagan
Braille flashcards can be used to practice and review vocabulary words.
Braille Practice Books

Braille Practice Books

By Liz Eagan
Braille practice books are a great way to reinforce reading skills, using vocabulary from lessons and illustrations.