Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are strategies for all content areas.

Teacher signs to student

Functional Vision and Learning Media Assessment Podcast

By Charlotte Cushman
Podcast on Functional Vision Assessment (FVA) and Learning Media Assessment (LMA)
Image of boy reading braille book.

Parents Learning Braille=Literacy For A Child

By Charlotte Cushman
Podcast about the importance of parents of children with visual impairments learning braille

Tips for Making Print More Readable

By Charlotte Cushman
American Foundation for the Blind shares tips to make print more readable for individuals with visual impairment

Adapting Environments for Individuals with Vision Loss

By Charlotte Cushman
Free video webcast about the design issues that should be considered for individuals with vision loss.

Cortical Vision Impairment

By Charlotte Cushman
Video series about CVI (cortical visual impairment) with strategies for assessment and intervention
Young boy with hearing aids and glasses looks at alphabet on iPad

Minimal Losses, Major Implications

By Charlotte Cushman
This article examines some of the implications of a mild visual impairment, as well as a minimal hearing loss in a typical classroom
Ear with hand cupped around it

Are You Listening?

By Charlotte Cushman
Auditory issues for children with visual impairments, including hearing loss, auditory skills, and strategies for developing listening skills

Teaching Braille Reading and Writing Video

By Charlotte Cushman
Video presentation by Lucia Hasty about teaching braille reading and writing to promote braille literacy
Young boy explores objects on tray, including apple and sand.

Pre-Braille Experiences for Infants and Toddlers

By Charlotte Cushman
Tips to promote prebraille and early literacy for young children who are blind or visually impaired

Jim Durkel discusses the Wheatley Picture Maker from APH

By Charlotte Cushman
Using the Wheatley Picture maker to support young children with visual impairments to participate in emergent writing activities.