Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are strategies for all content areas.

Accessible chess board with pieces

Making Chess Accessible To My Son Who Is Deafblind

By Liamsmom
My son, who is deafblind, is learning to play the game of chess using an accessible board. It's a fun way to practice braille literacy skills for kids who are blind or visually impaired.
Fingers in position to make dot configurations

FT2S2B: Finger Positions for Beginning Braille Users

By Anna C. Gayle
Tips to encourage proper finger positions to create braille dot formations, first on the table, then with a swing cell, and finally on a braillewriter.
Sight words "feast" and "store" presented with red bubble word approach

Teaching Sight Words to Children with CVI, Phase III

By Brenda Biernat
Tips from a parent to teach sight words to children with CVI (cortical visual impairment), Phase III, using bubble sight words, with word or letter shapes outlined in the child's preferred color.
Eye Spy certificate

Eye Spy VI Awards

By Liz Eagan
This is a simple way to express appreciation for teachers, therapists and others who go above and beyond in providing quality services to students who are blind, visually impaired or deafblind.
Title page for Grilled Chicken Braille Game

Grilled Chicken Braille Game

By Samantha Zauner
This game is designed to give students with low vision who are learning braille practice with the braille contractions: upon, word, these, those, whose, cannot, had, many, spirit, world and their.
Scan and read station

Make Your Own Portable Scan and Read Station

By Charlotte Cushman
Therese Wilkomm shares a video demonstration of a simple assistive technology device she has created, which enables people with visual impairments to scan & read documents using a portable stand & app
Collage of UEB Science signs for braille learners

Teaching UEB Science Signs to Braille Learners

By John Chester
Tips for teaching UEB Science signs to braille learners, including preparing technical materials for science lessons and helping learners understand.
Small plastic farm animals

Identifying Salient Features: Jasper and the Animals

By Brenda Biernat
Children with CVI (cortical visual impairment) often struggle to interpret with images that are visually complex. A parent shares her son's experience
Computer braille design

Braille Design of Computer

By Edith West
This Computer Braille Design is a fun project for braille users.
Tactile cane on page of book

Creating a Book for a Braille Reader with CVI: Max and His Cane

By Liamsmom
This simple braille book tells the story about an 8-year-old boy who loses his cane. The colored illustrations are appealing for children with CVI.
A student reads the braille on the tactile illustration of a tree.

Supporting Tactile Images with Real Experience and Concrete Materials

By Liz Eagan
Providing real experiences and concrete objects is a helpful first step in teaching students with visual impairments to interpret tactile images.
Cover of Ten Little Ladybugs

Building Literacy Around What Children Care About

By Ellen Cadigan Mazel
Using images of items that children with CVI (cortical visual impairment) are motivated by can help to motivate them and develop literacy skills.
Don't throw rocks

Having Pride: Promoting Social Skills through Writing

By Anna C. Gayle
Combine writing and social skills in this activity to promote kindness and helpfulness in students who are blind or visually impaired.
Hygiene bag

Tactile Symbols for Hygiene Bag

By Liz Eagan
Make activities of daily living more fun with this song and routine!
Independent exercise sheet

Wellness Program for Youth Who Are Deafblind

By DeCaluweS
Incorporate literacy skills into a wellness program for students with deafblindness or multiple disabilities.
Braille gloves

Braille Gloves

By Laurie Hudson
Braille gloves are a great way to introduce the braille code to sighted children and adults (such as sighted classmates family members).
Accessible NCAA bracket in braille

Accessible NCAA Bracket

By William Tubilleja
Braille can be used in so many ways and this NCAA bracket is a great example of how it can make sports and popular events accessible to all.
Student editing her work on a BrailleNote

Writing Prompt Roulette

By Beth Borysewicz
Strategies to support braille students with writing prompts, using a shared writing approach on a BrailleNote Touch to promote braille literacy
A girl examines a bracelet on her wrist

Nature Walk

By Liz Eagan
Nature walks can inspire students with visual impairments to write about what they find.
A boy reads his braille calendar on the wall.

Tracking Reading Homework

By Liamsmom
Make your reading calendar accessible to braille users with these ideas!