Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

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Braille

Liam drawing at the table
Posted by Liamsmom
I have two boys, Liam (age 8, deafblind, braille reader) and Finn (age 5, typical vision and hearing). I recently signed up for a program that gives children who are blind a chance to experience creating art using different accessible media (thank you...



Detailed view of the cell bulletin board
Posted by JFBamber
When my braille room followed my 5th grade student to a new area of the building, she quickly noted that there was a bulletin board hanging in our new classroom. As we chatted, she shared that she had never had bulletin boards that she could "see"...



AA boy measures salt.
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam (age 8, deafblind, braille reader) has always loved to help me in the kitchen. When he was younger I started out with small things, like putting dishes away from the dishwasher that were at his level or I would let him put his fish sticks in the...



A girl putting braille paper into her Perkins braillewriter
Posted by PennyR
I  mean, why should your child bother learning braille, right?  There are screen readers, audio books, and somebody can always read textbooks to your child at home.  Maybe you’re thinking your child can just pick up information in class...



Two boys hanging ornaments on Christmas tree
Posted by Liamsmom
I am a mother of two sweet boys.  My oldest, Liam, is 6 years old.  He is deafblind.  My youngest, Finn, is 3 years old.  He has typical vision and hearing.  I really look forward to the Christmas season.  I enjoy finding...



Look under bag
Posted by Renee Ellis
Cardboard is my friend. Thank goodness for Amazon, UPS and FedEx. I look forward to a delivery because I use the boxes to create books and activities for my students with visual impairments.  I like things that don't cost much that I can send home...



pages of a book labeling the parts of a beaver, one is in braille and has tactile objects and the other is large print and has a black and white picture
Posted by Liamsmom
I am the mother of a sweet and busy third grade boy named Liam. He is deafblind and a braille reader. I have been wanting to create a book for awhile now where the objective was to focus on the conventions of a nonfiction book. I wanted the conventions to...



Board game with goose pieces and dice
Posted by PennyR
Think back on your own childhood and time with family and friends and you’re likely to remember a game you enjoyed playing whether it was a board game, word game, or sporting activity.  Games can help your child develop skills such as:...



Two boys wearing Halloween costumes standing next to pumpkins on a bench
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam (8 years old, deafblind) doesn't watch TV. Because of this, he isn't always aware of movies and their characters that are popular among his peers.  He does know a few super heroes because we happen to have the toys around the house...



Heba and her TVI
Posted by Renee Ellis
I was recently asked to add a challenging student to my caseload. What started out as one of the most difficult teaching situations of my career, turned out to be one of the most fun and rewarding I have ever had.  While every student has unique needs...



Braille tracking sheet
Posted by elsierao
Struggling braille readers may easily become frustrated or discouraged, so it's critical to find ways to ensure success whenever possible.  Here are some strategies to promote tactile skills with struggling braille readers: Implement a...



Preschool student with her arms out wide
Posted by Jodi Floyd
Systematic building of skills in toddlers and pre-schoolers will facilitate learning to read and write braille in the future! Skills to build include: concepts such as same and different, tactual awareness and perception, and fine motor such as exploring...



A young boy fishes with his TVI.
Posted by Liamsmom
I was 5 months pregnant when my 2 and a half-year-old son Liam (who had typical vision and hearing) was airlifted to a city 5 hours away. He had become severely sick from meningitis.  After months away from home, due to complications from the meningitis...



Hand reading braille
Posted by David Pruitt
When people think dyslexia, they think vision problems.  Dyslexics see letters and numbers backwards if they can read at all.  That’s the common thought, but only one aspect of dyslexia.  Dyslexia is a reading disorder, not a seeing...



A second grade girl using a colored marker
Posted by PennyR
Parents often wonder if their child who has a significant visual impairment should learn braille, print, or both literacy media at the same time.  They also question what role audio materials (e.g., books on CDs or downloaded to a special device) should...



A boy stands at a bus stop.
Posted by Joseph Harrison
Parents and Orientation and Mobility Specialists know that safe and efficient travel with the long white cane is “all about technique.” Awful technique equals awful protection and effective technique equals effective protection. How do we motivate...



A girl places Easter eggs on a grass tray.
Posted by Liz Eagan
Event planning is a great way to incorporate literacy and the Expanded Core Curriculum (ECC) into student-led activities!  While this particular example was done at Easter, there are many opportunities throughout the year to practice reading, writing...



A boy reads a braille book while wearing a Burger King crown
Posted by Liamsmom
I am the mother of two busy boys.  Liam, 8 years old, is deafblind.   Finn, 5 years old, has typical vision and hearing.   I am always very excited when summer finally arrives and I get to spend a lot of quality time with them outdoors. I...



A young girl uses a braillewriter
Posted by PennyR
Editor's Note:  Please note that these free lessons are offered as an introduction to the braille code and are not intended to be complete. These lessons are designed to give families and other individuals who are sighted an understanding...



A student reads a braille passage during the Braille Challenge.
Posted by Scott Baltisberger
In a nation with a large immigrant population, issues regarding bilingual education for learners with visual impairment arise on a regular basis. As children from Latin American backgrounds continue to comprise the majority of students with limited English...



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