Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Braille

Diego and teacher
Posted by Marnee Loftin
Parents and Teachers of the Visually Impaired (TVI) often have questions about struggling readers.  These are: How do reading skills develop in children? How does this development vary for children with visual impairment? How can...



teacher and student
Posted by Liz Eagan
Students with visual impairments are the frequent recipients of assistance, but rarely are they given the opportunity to "give back".  When they are given the opportunity, they are often unclear of how or where to start.   One...



Student doing Wilson Reading System drill
Posted by Mary McCarthy
Roz Rowley and Justine Rines are co-authors of this post. This is the second of three posts on the Wilson Reading System® and Struggling Braille Readers. See also Why We Love Using the Wilson Reading System® with Struggling Braille Readers ...



picture of activities in book kit
Posted by Diane Brauner
Ruby in Her Own Time is a Circle Time Braille kit focusing on counting skills and duck Fun Facts.  This kit is based on the book Ruby in Her Own Time written by Jonathan Emmett and illustrated by Rebecca Harry (Scholastic rates the...



student using willson
Posted by Rinesj
Mary McCarthy and Roz Rowley are co-authors of this post.   This is the first of three posts on the Wilson Reading System® and Struggling Braille Readers. See also Implementing the Wilson Reading System with Braille Students ...



Top 10 collage
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
The end of the year is always a time to look back on highlights of the year and this year we thought it would be fun to share our "Top Ten" list too!   Our top posts for 2014 cover a range of tips and ideas for promoting literacy skills among...



christmas tree book collage
Posted by Liamsmom
We have made it a tradition that my son Liam (who is deafblind) and his little brother Finn, each get to decorate their own small Christmas tree.  Every year, I introduce new items they get to add to their tree. We decorate our tree in this order:...



homemade books
Posted by Liamsmom
Enlist the help of friends and family to make these tactile books!   The purpose of these books is to... create appropriate books, at Liam’s level, that he can read and enjoy independently.  be used in...



Academic Apps collage
Posted by Linda Mamer
Applications (apps) for iOS devices change quickly, but I have compiled a list of apps for academic students with visual impairments.  I have used many of these apps, however I have not used all of them personally.  They have all been used by...



Ideas for Developing Functional Literacy Skills
Posted by Frank Mead
    I have been a teacher in the Secondary Program at the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts for more than 30 years, and I am retiring this spring. I was asked to share some of my thoughts and strategies on...



Toys for Pre-Braille Development
Posted by KimAvila
This post is a continuation of my earlier post: http://www.pathstoliteracy.org/braille-babies  This post focuses on developing hand and finger strength for using a braille writer, as well as on issues and concerns voiced by parents of children with...



Tactile graphics collage
Posted by gwyn52
Graphs and charts can be very challenging for students who are blind or visually impaired, whether they are using tactile graphs or large print graphs.  Students with visual impairments must be specifically taught how to interpret tactile graphics and...



Braille Babies
Posted by KimAvila
This is the first of two parts. Read Part 2: Braille Babies: Toys to Promote Pre-Braille Skills   Braille Babies was designed after several years of implementing creative methods for teaching braille to young children and their...



mother showing child birthday book
Posted by Liamsmom
Our Liam turned 5 last week and his little brother Finn turned 2 the week before. Liam and Finn celebrated their birthdays together with family and friends by having a birthday party at our house.  For those of you who don't already know, my son...



tactile maps on foam boards
Posted by Laurie Hudson
Skills in reading/writing tactile images, or “tactile-graphicity,” develop with lots and lots of carefully sequenced, guided exposure to thoughtfully designed and well-made tactile images.  It takes time, strategy, and a steady hand to...



A student holds a 3-D math manipulative
Posted by Tara Mason
There are numerous materials that will help students access the Common Core State Standards. These materials may be used to: access materials, exhibit knowledge and skills, or enhance learning activities associated with the CCSS. Presley and D’Andrea...



mystic storykit
Posted by Cindy Reed-Brown
Like most TVIs, the preschool Education Consultants at CT Services for the Blind have been using “storyboxes” for many years with our students. Also, like most TVIs, we’ve tried to provide a variety of social activities for our young...



collage of girl with cane
Posted by Laurie Hudson
Literacy happens throughout Orientation & Mobility curricula: maintaining personal notes of walking routes and personal O&M journals, reading public transportation routes and schedules, menus and maps, processing Global Positioning System output,...



A young boy puts toast into a toaster
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam (a happy, social, deaf-blind preschooler) has an intervener/interpreter that is with him at school.  Liam’s intervener and I wanted to create a conversation box that he could use at school.  We came up with an experience Liam...



Itsy Bitsy Spider
Posted by Diane Brauner
Theme:   Itsy Bitsy Spider is a Circle Time Braille Kit that focuses on the letter "s", spiders, weather and counting to 8. This kit is designed to be used together with the Letter "S" Interactive Braille Book, which is found...



Pages