Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Handwriting Tips for Students with Visual Impairments

Collage for handwritingTop Access Tips: Writing

Students with visual impairments often benefit from the use of specialized tools and materials.  Special paper, writing tools, lighting and other equipment can make it easier for them to write.  It is important to work closely with the child's vision teacher (TVI) and Occupational Therapist to determine which adaptations are best for an individual student.  Here are some general tips and guidelines.  Click here to download these guidelines as a PDF.

 

 

1.     Paper

Provide paper type appropriate to child’s needs, e.g.

  • Wide black lined paper
  • Enlarged, black squared graph paper 
  • Wide line music staves​

Advice Point:  Paper type needs to be assessed, child may require a selection of paper types, line widths for different activities.

Lined paper

 

2.     Writing ToolsHandwriting Pen

               Pen used needs to: 

  • Provide good contrast, e.g. black pen 
  • Try a range of pens and nibs to find the optimum pen for child 
  • Pencil: Use 2B—4B 
  • Check the child can read back writing using the chosen pen/pencil 

Advice Point:  The aim is to find the pen and paper, that enables the child to write on the line and to read back work.

 

3.     Lighting

  • ​Natural light is better, make sure that the child sits with their back to the window, so that the light is cast over their shoulder onto their work Foldable LED light
  • An additional task light may help, with the light focused on the page 

Foldable LED Light from RNIB (Editor's note:  These are also available from numerous sources in the USA.)

 

 

4.     Writing Position and PostureSloped board

               ​Consider if the child requires: 

  • A cushion on the chair 
  • A different chair 
  • A sloped board 
  • Paper orientated in landscape format

Sloped desk

 

 

 

Advice Point:  Observe the child's position in relation to their access to the page, sometimes a small child finds it hard to reach the top of the page to write, also hindering their effective use of vision.

Advice Point:  Posture and seating position may look awkward, but is the optimum one for the child. The aim is to make position more comfortable so that the posture is supported and fatigue reduced.

 

5.     Using a Laptop to Present Work

  • ​Text can be saved directly onto the laptop and accessed by speech/screen magnification 
  • Worksheets can be completed directly on the laptop for print out after the lesson 
  • Fatigue reduced by using speech to listen to text instead of accessing hard copy, helpful to support revision 

 

6.     Colouring

  • ​Clear black outlines to colour within shapes and aspects of picture enlarged to aid accurate colouring 
  • Use Wikki Stix to create guideline for colouring 
  • Colouring tools to provide clear contrast, e.g. felt pens 
  • Name/label colouring tools 

Advice Point:  Visual Fatigue: "Seeing" for some children requires a good deal of effort and concentration, which in turn may affect their motivation, due to visual fatigue they experience after prolonged periods of close work.

Their eye condition may fluctuate meaning they ‘see’ better some days than others, impacting on their access to the curriculum.

 
The following book has an excellent resource of templates included on the CD that accompanies the book:Cover of Teaching Pupils with Visual Impairment
 
 
 
 
For more ideas, see also:
 
 
 
 
Get more Top Access Tips from Postive Eye!  https://www.positiveeye.co.uk/resources/

 


 

 

 

Comments

Paper

Posted by Liz Eagan Satter

Posted on April 7, 2014
Updated on: February 7, 2018

Previous comments for Handwriting Tips for Students with Visual Impairments

Liz Eagan Satter commented on April 7, 2014

Paper can be customized for the student. I had a student that had the left hemisphere of her brain removed and as a result had issues with space on the paper and she would start in the center of the line moving right. As a result, the OT created paper with each line was a box...very defined writing space. I added to it by putting a red dot on the left side of the box line. She learned she had to look for the red dot to start writing. Sometimes you have to think outside of the box (or create one) to help with the writing process. Don't count out the gel paper that goes with the gel pens as the different colors of paper\ink can be beneficial and reduces the glare.