Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



A boy hugging a horse
By Keveny Glynn
One of my students participated in an 11-week therapeutic riding program this fall and we wanted to find a way to incorporate literacy, communication, social interaction, and other skills.  He kept a weekly "journal" of his experience, which is...



Hand-made tactile graphics of a wave
By Tracy Fitch
You've got to think outside of the box!  It's NOT about being pretty!  It's NOT about looking exactly like the print!  It IS about being meaningful!  It IS about being understandable!  Our...



Hands on a braille writer
By Charlotte Cushman
A member of our community asked if we had any activities or resources for teaching braille mechanics to students with Cerebral Palsy (CP) or decreased tactile sensitivity.  We have included tips for both reading and writing braille. There are many...



A student with low vision uses a video magnifier
By Liz Eagan
Why is the grass greener on the other side?  “'The grass is always greener on the other side' because the other side knows what fertilizer to buy," I often heard growing up.  But is it?  Is the grass greener because they...



Boy reads braille on his Christmas stocking
By Charlotte Cushman
The holidays are an exciting time of year for children and there are lots of opportunities to incorporate literacy into the fun!  The ideas here include suggestions to make Christmas and Hanukkah more accessible to children with visual impairments or...



icon of Jaws software on a desktop computer
By Sharon@TSBVI
JAWS, Job Access With Speech, is a popular screen reader, developed for computer users whose vision loss prevents them from seeing screen content or navigating with a mouse. JAWS provides speech and braille output for the most popular computer applications...



Cloth book with textures
By Holly Cooper
Leer en Español.     People often wonder what to get as a gift for a child who has a visual impairment.  Every child is unique and has their own interests, preferences, and abilities, so any advice must be considered with the...



Worksheets
By gwyn52
This is the first post in a series about adapting worksheets for students who are blind or visually impaired.  It is designed to help teachers and assistants to think through the steps involved in providing access to materials.   Before you...



Girl putting dots on braille activity
By Cheryl Brown
These tips and tools are designed to address skills for the young beginning braille reader who is ready to start braille instruction and who has received preschool instruction on concept development. For experienced TVIs, this will be a review of ideas and...



A young boy touches a turtle.
By dwilkinson
Exposure to pictures is a prerequisite to successful literacy. Pictures provide the first step to literacy for sighted children and serve as a bridge between the pages of the books they will eventually read and the three-dimensional world around them...



A child's hand reads braille about fall leaves
By Liamsmom
It's all about the experience!  We have been using experiences to teach concepts or new ideas and vocabulary.    It is so important, especially for our children with vision impairments, to have real-life tangible experiences!...



Writing alphabet letters
By Roxana Cziker
This is the first of five parts created by Low Vision Therapist, Dr. Roxana Elena Cziker, focusing on the needs of students with Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI)   The series is designed to address challenges for children with CVI who...



An intervener and student are identifying a sink using tactile sign
By Liamsmom
Taking purposeful trips to places in the community can be prove to be a motivating and meaningful way to focus on language goals.     My son, Liam, is 7 years old and happens to be deafblind. American Sign Language (ASL) is his first...



Tactile clipboard
By Katie Armstrong
A resource for teachers or parents of tactual learners When many people first think of literacy skills, or pre-braille skills they think of things like tracking braille lines, identifying tactual or textured pictures or exploring objects in a story box, just...



Perkins brailler
By Tracy Fitch
Braille writing instruction will happen at the same time as braille reading instruction.  It is important to teach all braille learners the parts of the brailler, along with inserting paper. There are a number of braille writers available and...



Swing cell
By Tracy Fitch
A Swing Cell is designed to help students understand the relationship between the braille cell and the keys on a braillewriter. In the closed position, the removable pegs inserted into the blocks represent the dots in a braille cell. In the open position, the...



Child using shapes to create patterns.
By Tracy Fitch
This post will specifically discuss braille instruction strategies for students with multiple impairments or intellectual disabilities. We are assuming that you have done pre-braille activities up to this point. Examples of tools and resources for the pre...



Child choosing Chex from snack menu wall
By Jbrown
Through incidental learning, young children learn to read environmental print, which is an important stage in their literacy development.  According to the website Reading Rockets, which is part of a national initiative to teach literacy skills,...



Child's hands reading a line of braille
By Cheryl Brown
These ideas are designed to address developing handskills for the young beginning braille reader who is ready to start braille instruction and who has received preschool instruction on concept development. For experienced TVIs this will be a review of ideas...



Adapted pages from pumpkin book
By Cheryl Hill
I teach a unit on the Pumpkin Life Cycle during the month of October in my typically developing Kindergarten class.   This year I have 23 students in my class, one of whom is visually impaired, one who is on the Autism Spectrum, one ELL student and one...



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