Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Alignment of Mathematical Skills to Instructional Tools for Students with Visual Impairments

Student and teacher using abacus

A. E. Brawand, N. Johnson, & J. Kolvites gave a presentation called "Fostering Success in Mathematics for Students with Visual Impairments" at the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) Conference, San Diego, CA in April 2015.  This handout was shared during the presentation.

Click to download as .pdf.









  • Counting
  • Concepts of “sets” and place value 
  • Operations of addition and subtraction
  • Beginning problem solving and literate problem-solving skills
  • iPad Application: UAbacus: practice tool  to teach how to compute on the abacus

uabacus app icon

Hands-On Manipulatives
  • Number sense
  • Multiplication and division of fractions
Braille / Large Print
  • Multiplication and division of fractions
  • Geometry Shapes
  • Graphs / Charts


Braille Codes
  • Operations with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
Tactile Graphics
  • Addition and subtraction of fractions
  • Charts and graphs
  • Flash cards, teacher made materials

Math Builders

math builders

  • Matching, sorting, and making patterns
  • Data Collection, graphing & probability / statistics
  • Geometry
  • Measurement and estimation
  • Fractions, mixed Numbers, and decimals
  • APH: All available in Braille and Large Print
  • iPad App: Math Robot ($4.00 APH) Drill & Practice for Basic Math

math robot app icon

Math Window Braille
  • Basic math skills
  • Alegbra
  • Geometry

Talking Calculator

talking calculator

  • Multiplication with multiple digits
  • Computing of fractions
Graphic Calculator
  • Graphs and fuctions


Alignment of Mathematical Skills


Collage of Alignment of Mathematical Skills



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