Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Multiple Disabilities

Hands on a braille writer
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
A member of our community asked if we had any activities or resources for teaching braille mechanics to students with Cerebral Palsy (CP) or decreased tactile sensitivity.  We have included tips for both reading and writing braille. There are many...



Boy reads braille on his Christmas stocking
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
The holidays are an exciting time of year for children and there are lots of opportunities to incorporate literacy into the fun!  The ideas here include suggestions to make Christmas and Hanukkah more accessible to children with visual impairments or...



Cloth book with textures
Posted by Holly Cooper
Leer en Español.     People often wonder what to get as a gift for a child who has a visual impairment.  Every child is unique and has their own interests, preferences, and abilities, so any advice must be considered with the...



A child's hand reads braille about fall leaves
Posted by Liamsmom
It's all about the experience!  We have been using experiences to teach concepts or new ideas and vocabulary.    It is so important, especially for our children with vision impairments, to have real-life tangible experiences!...



Writing alphabet letters
Posted by Roxana Cziker
This is the first of five parts created by Low Vision Therapist, Dr. Roxana Elena Cziker, focusing on the needs of students with Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI)   The series is designed to address challenges for children with CVI who...



An intervener and student are identifying a sink using tactile sign
Posted by Liamsmom
Taking purposeful trips to places in the community can be prove to be a motivating and meaningful way to focus on language goals.     My son, Liam, is 7 years old and happens to be deafblind. American Sign Language (ASL) is his first...



A girl participates in a science lesson using a HOPSA dress.
Posted by Kate Hurst
One of the issues often raised by instructors related to Active Learning is that it looks like “play”.  This makes it difficult to explain how the child is actually focused on the same important “work” that engages the time of...



Accessible bins in classroom
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
It’s that time of the year again!  The start of a new school year always brings a range of emotions: excitement, worry, anticipation, wistfulness to say goodbye to summer…  We hope that these ideas and resources will help to get the...



Tack-Tiles
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam is 7 years old and will be starting 2nd grade this school year.  He is deafblind, uses tactile American Sign Language and is a braille reader.     I love Tack-Tiles.  I have often been asked how we used Tack-Tiles...



A boy writes a letter on a braillewriter.
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam is 7 years old and he is deafblind.  Liam loves reading and writing braille.  I thought a great activity for summer break would be to learn about writing letters to our friends and family.  It was my hope that it would be fun and...



pictures shows student matching tactile shapes on a Velcro strip
Posted by Tracy Fitch
How many of us serve students who have both a severe visual impairment and multiple disabilities, including intellectual disabilities? How many of us have attempted literacy instruction or braille with this population of students? And, if you have, how...



Man parachuting
Posted by Kristie Smith
The other day when I was working with one of my students with multiple disabilities and a visual impairment, I heard heartbreaking words from a grieving parent, “Why are they still coming?” he asked with sadness.    Supporting...



Tactile and visual morning schedule
Posted by Jbrown
It won't be long now before a new school year begins.  This brings excitement for parents, as well as children, but it can also bring worry about the transition, especially for young children who are blind or visually impaired.  The tips here...



Braille garden labels
Posted by Liamsmom
I have always wanted to make my son an accessible garden that my son could learn to take care of independently.  I was hoping a garden could be something he could learn to enjoy and learn from.     Earlier this year I applied for the...



A girl uses an iPad with colored patterns on it.
Posted by Jbrown
The iPad is an incredible tool for all students, including those with CVI (cortical visual impairment).  There are amazing accessibility features that enhance the experience.  The iPad can be used to teach visual skills and to conduct vision...



Literacy board for summer activities
Posted by Jbrown
Summertime can be very relaxing.  Sometimes though, long summer days lead to boredom  The kids have played with everything.  It’s too hot to go anywhere. And you don’t want them to just sit in front of the television all day....



Reading braille labels on playground
Posted by Liamsmom
I am the mother of two young busy boys.  My oldest Liam just turned 7 and is deafblind.  My youngest Finn just turned 4 and has typical vision and hearing.  A few years back I wrote about an accessible playground we made for the boys. I just...



Tactile map of cities
Posted by Liamsmom
I have two boys.  My oldest is 7 years old, deafblind, and an early braille reader.  My youngest is 4 years old and has typical vision and hearing.  We recently went on a road trip to visit family out of state.  Planning for the trip...



Caterpillar and strawberry Images on black background
Posted by Tracy Fitch
Introduction: For my Cortical Visual Impairment mentor training we were assigned to adapt a book for all three phases of CVI. I chose The Very Hungry Caterpillar because I have several classes reading this book through the end of the school year. I...



Happy Birthday page
Posted by Liamsmom
My son Liam just turned 7 and we celebrated his birthday at our home with family and friends from school. Liam happens to be deafblind and attends first grade in a mainstream setting.  I wanted Liam's birthday party to be accessible and include...



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