Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Multiple Disabilities

Experience tub with dirt and associated objects
Posted by Liz Eagan
A student of mine is what I call "tactually hesitant". She's not defensive, just hesitant with new textures and experiences.  She is in a life skills class and is learning braille, and recently she surprised me! It took me nearly a school...



Reduced Core Board
Posted by Paths to Literacy
Submitted by Gerald Abner, Clinical Instructor with the Teacher Preparation Program for Visual Impairments and Jasamyn Nichols DeGrant a graduate of the program and Teacher of the Visually Impaired in Clark County Schools  Students who are blind or...



Chef Cheyenne
Posted by Liz Eagan
One of my students has been working with me for two and a half years on becoming more independent in cooking, learning new recipes, and learning to use new appliances and cooking implements. This year she is a senior, so at her annual IEP meeting we made a...



A young woman hold a tray with two baked items on it.
Posted by Linda Choy
Linda Choy is the mother of a young woman with MDVI in the Philippines. It has been 7 years since I wrote about Kara, who for a long time struggled with reading and writing braille, until she found that braille could help her reach out to her friend...



Busem reading braille
Posted by Pinar Safak
Busem is a young girl in Turkey, who was born at just 26 weeks. She was 700 grams and she spent her first 3 months in an intensive care unit. Due to Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP), she lost vision in both eyes and surgery was not able to restore her...



Mother's Day card
Posted by Linda Choy
My daughter Kara was born on 10/14/1998, at 6.5 months gestation.  She weighed 1.2 kgs, and had an extremely difficult survival course.  As a result, she is blind due to retinopathy of prematurity, she also has mild cerebral palsy and has global...



Page from tactile book with 3 triangular shaped food items
Posted by Liz Eagan
As TVIs, therapists, special educators or family members, we never have enough time to create all of the books that we want to.  Happily APH came out with a cool new product called Tactile Book Builder Kit and I ABSOLUTELY LOVE IT!  This...



A young girl touches a pony.
Posted by Peggy Sinclair-Morris
While working as a teacher of the blind and visually impaired, one particular teaching moment has really stayed with me.  A six-year-old student of mine was learning how to read braille; she had a nice little braille book in front of her and I was...



Potatoes for extension activity
Posted by Kelly Brown
How the Classroom Teacher, Speech Language Pathologist, and Teacher of Students with Visual Impairment came together to support one another and increase student engagement with a Reading Group   “It just seems like her days could be so much...



Tactile symbol cards for core vocabulary
Posted by Angela Powell
I have been a TVI (Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments) in Kentucky for 5 years and I am currently working on my Assistive Technology certification through the University of Kentucky. For course work this semester I was given the assignment to explore...



Shoppers in a mall
Posted by JennieO
What can you do with your students who are visually impaired in the middle of winter in the state of Maine (or anywhere else)? Mountain biking? I don’t think so! High cliff diving? Not a chance! Cross country skiing? Well yes, that of course, but...



Two images of pages of tactile book with flower and braille/print word "under"
Posted by Liz Eagan
Starting with a Book about Positional Concepts Recently I had the idea to make a position book for a student learning braille. My thought was to focus on the positional terms under/over. I made the book with tactile objects (flower, dominoes, hand sticker...



Tactile symbol system
Posted by Megan Mogan
Let’s start with the good news. You have emerging readers with Visual Impairment who have learned the meaning of tactile name symbols for people in their lives.  The bad news? You are considering crossing that skill off your list of “Things...



Pegboard book
Posted by Kate Hurst
Pegboard books provide a way for young children who are blind or visually impaired, including those with multiple disabilities, to begin to explore books.  Based on the work of Dr. Lilli Nielsen and her Active Learning approach, this format uses real...



A child who was averse to reading braille exercised his tactile literacy on an outing to a tactile exhibit with a proficient braille reader
Posted by Amber Rundle Kahn
When I first started working as a TVI, I was under the impression that my students would want to work with me -- just like I wanted to work for my teachers when I was growing up. The first braille learner student I worked with was a dual-media student who...



A girl stirs ingredients in a bowl.
Posted by Liz Eagan
Cooking is a great way to incorporate all areas of the curriculum in a motivating, practical activity or series of activities.  Literacy (recipes in large print, braille, or audio), math (showing the real-world application of counting, adding and...



Literacy board for summer activities
Posted by Jbrown
Summertime can be very relaxing.  Sometimes though, long summer days lead to boredom  The kids have played with everything.  It’s too hot to go anywhere. And you don’t want them to just sit in front of the television all day....



two people sitting on the floor leaning back-to-back
Posted by Linda Hagood
This is the third part of a 3-part series on Yoga and Literacy.  See also Using Yoga to Support Language and Literacy Development and Yoga Activities to Increase Literacy Skills. One application of yoga which I have especially enjoyed as a...



CVI book with 3D and 2D examples
Posted by Diane Sheline
Make sure your student or child with CVI has a variety of literacy materials this summer that are relevant and enticing. The Yellow Bucket and the Red Shovel is easy to make and can be adapted, depending on the color of bucket and shovel you happen to have...



Reading the yoga routine cards in print
Posted by maloneyk
This is the second part of a 3-part series on Yoga and Literacy.  See also Using Yoga to Support Language and Literacy Development and Addressing Narrative Language Goals in Yoga Activities. A long, long, time ago, I was originally...



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