# Functional Application of Reading and Use of Fractions: Making Shepherd's Pie

As students read for information and answer multiple choice questions while following a recipe, this hands-on activity will help students who are visually impaired or blind with:
• Ability to read braille document and answer four multiple choice questions
• Knowledge of fractions
• Ability to read and follow directions for a recipe containing fractions
• Knowledge of kitchen rules, including hand washing and safety
• Handskills to identify measuring cups and ability to measure out ingredients

## Materials:

• APH tray, small casserole dish, spoon, braille measuring cups
• Pre-baked food items – whole potatoes, hamburger with gravy, frozen corn
• Hand masher, electric mixer

## Procedure:

### Part One:

• In the classroom setting, individually read the document containing history of Shepherd’s Pie, multiple choice comprehension questions and recipe.  Use braille notetaker with refreshable braille (voice on or off as needed).
• Review and discuss reading and questions.
• Review recipe and set-up of materials that will be in the kitchen.
• Review fractions and measuring cups used and how they relate to each other.

### Part Two:

• In the kitchen, follow prior procedures for kitchen skills. (hand washing, aprons)
• At individual set-ups, review location of materials and recipe.  Re-read recipe.
• Discuss recipe, questions to recall information from reading and recipe.
• Using serving bowls, pass ingredients to each other to measure out individual amounts.
• With a staff, use electric hand or tabletop mixer.
• At conclusion, review what we did.

### Common Core State Standards

Math Standard NF 3.1:  Understand a fraction 1/b as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction a/b as the quantity formed by a parts of size 1/b.

ELA Standard RL 3.4:  Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language.

Posted on February 21, 2017
Updated on: February 7, 2018