Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

General Literacy

collage of girl with cane
Posted by Laurie Hudson
Literacy happens throughout Orientation & Mobility curricula: maintaining personal notes of walking routes and personal O&M journals, reading public transportation routes and schedules, menus and maps, processing Global Positioning System output,...

Bumble Bee with good contrast
Posted by gwyn52
Pictures 1.  Size of graphic Present clear, well contrasting, simple large graphics. Remove detail and visual clutter from graphic. Add black outlines to shapes and main key features. Remove complex colouring. Use...

Using an iPad to help children with multiple disabilities
Posted by Linda Mamer
iPads are used in more and more ways in the educational programs of students who are blind or visually impaired.  They can be used to help children to develop basic concepts, to reinforce literacy skills, to support communication, to promote the...

Reading materials
Posted by gwyn52
This Top Access Tip Sheet from Positive Eye is designed for teachers working with students who are blind or visually impaired to promote access to literacy.  It is available as a handout in the attached pdf document.  For more tip sheets, visit:...

A student looks through his multiview
Posted by Debra Goodsir
I have a student who is gifted, has Rod Monochromatism (visual acuity 6/36) and is in year 5 (5th grade). At the end of last year he and I reviewed his school experience and he explained that he was a little frustrated that his low vision impacts on his...

Pointing to New Zealand
Posted by Laurie Hudson
  Describing Clearly Adapted from Classroom Collaboration, page 59 By Laurel J. Hudson, Ph.D. Published by Perkins School for the Blind, 1997     Sighted people typically communicate key information by pointing, drawing, demonstrating...

Job chart
Posted by Laurie Hudson
Introduction: Early elementary school classrooms typically post Job Charts.  These are lists of classroom responsibilities that students rotate through weekly.  Common jobs include “Plant Waterer,” “Line Leader,” “Door...

iOS accessibility
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
As teachers return to begin another school year, many people are wondering how to use iPads as an educational tool with children who are blind or visually impaired, including those who are deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.  This post...

Happy Mother's Day!
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
  On the second Sunday in May we honor mothers and the positive contributions they have made to society.  Mother’s Day was first observed in the United States by Anna Jarvis in a memorial service for her own mother. Prior to that Julia Ward...

Image of VO Starter app
Posted by Marsha Bork
  By Marsha Bork, TVI VO Starter This is a free download and is a great starter for people that get an iPad or iPhone for the holidays! Description of App VO Starter is the first app to offer blind and visually impaired iOS users training on the...

Student explores items in food pyramid.
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
October is Health Literacy Month and, according to their website, it is "a time for organizations and individuals to promote the importance of understandable health information."  For many of the students we teach, it can be difficult to make...