Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Project SLATE: Framework for Braille Literacy Instruction

A girl reads a braille book.

Literacy for Students Who are Blind:  A Framework for Delivery of Instruction
By Alan J. Koenig, Texas Tech University, and M. Cay Holbrook, The University of British Columbia
Project SLATE (Supporting Literacy Achievement & Teacher Effectiveness for Students who are Blind or Visually Impaired)

The purpose of this study was to gain professional consensus on the appropriate levels of instructional services to address the needs of students in braille literacy programs.

The table provides a framework that may be useful to educational teams considering the literacy instructional needs of students who are blind or visually impaired.  It shows skill areas, consistency, total time per day, time span, and duration to determine the appropriate instructional services for braille learners.

Page 1 of Project SLATE table

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