Alignment of Mathematical Skills to Instructional Tools for Students with Visual Impairments

This chart shows the alignment between mathematical skills and instructional tools for teaching students who are blind or visually impaired.

A. E. Brawand, N. Johnson, & J. Kolvites gave a presentation called “Fostering Success in Mathematics for Students with Visual Impairments” at the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) Conference, San Diego, CA in April 2015.  This handout was shared during the presentation.

Click to download as pdf.






  • Counting
  • Concepts of “sets” and place value
  • Operations of addition and subtraction
  • Beginning problem solving and literate problem-solving skills
  • iPad Application: UAbacus: practice tool  to teach how to compute on the abacus

uabacus app icon

  • APH: Abacus / instructional book
Hands-On Manipulatives
  • Number sense
  • Multiplication and division of fractions
Braille / Large Print
  • Multiplication and division of fractions
  • Geometry Shapes
  • Graphs / Charts
  • APH flash cards, rulers, protractors, hundreds charts
  • etc. Braille / Lg. Print
  • Perkins Braille Writer / Braille Note Taker


Braille Codes
  • Operations with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
  • Brannan Cubarithm Slate and Cubes
  • Perkins Braille Writer / Braille Sense U2
Tactile Graphics
  • Addition and subtraction of fractions
  • Charts and graphs
  • Flash cards, teacher made materials
Math Builders

math builders

  • Matching, sorting, and making patterns
  • Data Collection, graphing & probability / statistics
  • Geometry
  • Measurement and estimation
  • Fractions, mixed Numbers, and decimals
  • APH: All available in Braille and Large Print
  • iPad App: Math Robot; Drill & Practice for Basic Math

math robot app icon

Math Window Braille
  • Basic math skills
  • Alegbra
  • Geometry
Talking Calculator

talking calculator

  • Multiplication with multiple digits
  • Computing of fractions
  • APH
  • Braille Note
Graphic Calculator
  • Graphs and fuctions
  • APH

Alignment of Mathematical Skills

Collage of Alignment of Mathematical Skills