Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are strategies for all content areas.

Boy working independently

Tareas de Trabajo Independiente para Lectores de Braille Principiantes

By Liamsmom
Tareas de trabajo independiente para lectores de braille principiantes
tactile flower glued on paper

Tactile Flower: Making a Bridge to Tactile Images

By Liz Eagan
This simple activity for students with visual impairments or multiple disabilities helps to make the bridge from real objects to tactile images.
Keegan Misses Daddy

Missing Daddy: An Experience Story About a Difficult Topic

By Kathi Garza
Not all experience or social stories have to be about happy things! Sometimes telling those hard stories can help our children process through their feelings and can provide language to support them.
Boy sitting on bench at athletic field

Experience Story with a Social Theme

By erin32573
Experience stories can be used to help children with visual impairments, deafblindness or multiple disabilities to process emotions and anticipate what will happen.
A young boy examines a toothbrush on the page of a book.

Joseph's Bath Book: An Object Book for Early Literacy

By Charlotte Cushman
In the early stages of literacy, real objects can be attached to each page, so that children who are blind, visually impaired, deafblind or with multiple disabilities can explore each item.
Page of Baggie Book with tree

Make Your Own Baggie Experience Book

By Doreen Bohm
Baggie Experience Books are a great way to help young children or learners with deafblindness or multiple disabilities to make the transition from real objects to beginning literacy.
Sneaker with laces untied

Tying Shoelaces: Task Analysis

By Dwila Nixon
Shoelace Tying is broken down into small steps below, and is demonstrated in the video, to provide clear step-by-step directions to teach this skill.
Materials for Alphabet Soup and Braille Muffin actiivty

Alphabet Soup and Braille Muffins

By Regina Quaid
This early literacy activity reinforces initial letter sounds in a fun and playful way for beginning braille readers.
feet on texture square

Texture Walk for Sensory Exploration

By Liz Eagan
Attach different textures and fabrics to a foam puzzle floor play mat for learners to walk on with bare feet or touch with their hands
Two hands reading braille text

Video: Tracking in Braille

By Dwila Nixon
This video presents the best setup, hand placement, and left to right technique for tracking braille.
Two boys doing push-ups in the living room

Exercise Cards in Braille and Print

By Liamsmom
Kids at home can stay fit with these exercise cards in braille and print!
Braille Uno cards

Greater Than or Less Than with UNO

By struckk
Reinforcing Nemeth skills through virtual instruction during school closures using braille UNO cards with students who are blind or visually impaired
Braille Literacy Kit

Braille Literacy Resource Kit

By Dwila Nixon
Braille Literacy Resource Kit for preschoolers who are blind or visually impaired and currently learning at home with their families
Bingo cards

Bingo Home Activity

By Charlotte Cushman
This Bingo Home Activity is designed for families of younger students and students with multiple disabilities; it was created by a life skills teacher at the Ohio State School for the Blind.
Tactile numbers 1, 2, 3

Activity Ideas To Try While At Home

By Charlotte Cushman
These tip sheets from Perkins School for the Blind offer activity ideas to try at home.
Fish file folder game

Fish Braille File Folder Game

By Samantha Zauner
These electronic file folder games are designed to give dual media learners practice learning dot configurations for corresponding braille words.
Light-up Easter eggs

Easter Egg Hunt in the Dark

By Liz Eagan
Use sound or lights to have an Easter egg hunt with children who are blind or visually impaired
Cover of "Splish the Fish" from APH

Two Read-Alouds of Early Literacy Books from APH

By Tracy Fitch
TVI Tracy Fitch reads aloud two books for young children who are blind or visually impaired: "That's Not My Bear" and "Splish the Fish" from American Printing House for the Blind.

Everyday Edges and Shapes

By Mary Tellefson
Examples of why shapes are important for preschoolers to learn about for same and different, sorting and matching, symbols, basic math skills and concepts.
Shamrock with green pompoms

Craft Activity for St. Patrick's Day

By Liz Eagan
This St. Patrick's Day craft activity for students who are blind or visually impaired works on fine motor skills, as well as positional concepts.