Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired


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Below are strategies for all content areas.

Student writing on sand tray

Letter Formation and Handwriting

By Liz Eagan
A kinesthetic approach to letter formation and writing using Montessori materials and adaptations for low vision can help children with visual impairments to make progress with handwriting skills.
An embossed 6 by 7 grid with tactile stickers in the shape of stars and happy faces placed on the grid as game pieces.

Four in a Row Adaptation for Tactile Learners

By barrettv
This tactile version of the classic Four in a Row game, or Connect 4, makes it easier for our tactile learners to orient themselves to the ever changing game board.
Ziplock baggie with tree branch inside

Haciendo Tu Propio Libro de Experiencias en Bolsitas

By Doreen Bohm
Haciendo tu propio libro de experiencias en bolsitas is the Spanish translation of Make Your Own Baggie Experience Book.
Tactile symbols with print and braille labels for underwear, pants, shirt, and socks

Dressing Book for Teenager with Multiple Disabilities

By Karen Epley
This book uses tactile symbols, braille, and print to provide support and structure to a teenager who is blind with autism to get dressed independently.
Task boxes

Setting Up Task Boxes to Encourage Independence

By Liz Eagan
Activities can be set up in individual plastic bins for children to do independently.
Cover of "My Color Book" with title and circles of various colors

My Color Book

By Liz Eagan
This homemade book is designed to give children practice identifying colors, including matching colors, naming colors, and identifying pictured items.
Left hand holding tub of mayonnaise and right hand placing knife in tub with piece of toast in foreground

Spreads and How to Spread Them

By Dwila Nixon
Step-by-step instructions for individuals with visual impairment to learn to spread items such as margarine or butter on toast
Blue binder open with a page that says: my first tracking book

My First Tracking Book

By covi88
As a first year preschool teacher one of my first questions was: how can I help my students with a visual impairment develop pre-braille skills? The simple answer, help them develop tracking skills.
Four squeeze bottles of puff paint colored red, yellow, green, and blue.

Using Puff Paint for Tactile Activities

By lnygaard01
Puff paint provides endless possibilities for learning and fun for students of all ages.
Stuffed gruffalo with braillewriter in background

Interactive Read-Aloud and Story Box of The Gruffalo by Julia Donaldson

By mbakos
Interactive read-alouds, combined with a story box, make books accessible for all students. Using the Gruffalo by Julia Donaldson is a fun way to combine learning and play.
Student painting rock

Rock Painting Spring Craft for Earth Day or Mother's Day

By Liz Eagan
This hands-on activity is a fun way to celebrate Earth Day or Mother's Day with children with visual impairments, including those with multiple disabilities.
Shower book with pages open and blue loofah on page

Shower and Hygiene Book for a Teenager

By Karen Epley
This tactile book with braille and print, along with real objects, can be used to support teenagers with visual impairment and Autism Spectrum Disorder (VIASD) to be more independent in daily living.
Screenshot of "Getting to Know You" document on laptop screen

Developing a Bond: Getting to Know Our Students

By Liz Eagan
TVI Liz Eagan shares an idea for how she gets to know her students and create a bond with them.
bunny cards, game board, and carrots

Math Game: Rounding (Nemeth and Place Value)

By dhudnall
The object of this spring-themed board game is to practice rounding numbers in a fun and motivating way.
Bath Time story with objects

Bath Time Discussion Box and Book

By Renee Ellis
Discussion boxes are an early literacy activity for young children with visual impairments, deafblindness or multiple disabilities, where they collect real objects from a routine activity such as bath
Glowing plastic Easter eggs

Easter Egg Hunts for Children with Multiple Disabilities

By Liz Eagan
Ideas to create an Easter egg hunt for children with visual impairments and multiple disabilities
Child playing Sudoku

Braille Sudoku

By Stacey Chambers
Sudoku is a great way to work on problem solving, tactile discrimination, and self-determination skills. Braille Sudoku makes the game accessible to players who are blind or visually impaired.
Velcro around perimeter of paper with two square wooden blocks on the left side.

Positional Concept Game

By Liz Eagan
This game is designed to reinforce positional concepts on the page, including left/right, top/bottom, and center.
Wood blocks spelling the word "rag"

Phonetic Reading Blocks with Braille Labels

By Liz Eagan
These Montessori Phonetic Reading Blocks can easily be adapted by adding braille labels for students who are blind or visually impaired to practice making CVC (Consonant-Vowel-Consonant) words.
Braille design of a duck

Braille Design of a Duck

By Edith West
Braille Drawings are a great way to practice braille skills and a fun opportunity to strengthen braille literacy!