Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Strategies

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Below are strategies for all content areas.






Braille design of witch with a broomstick

Braille Design of Halloween Witch

By Edith West
Braille users will love this braille drawing of a scary Halloween witch!
Student examining braille flashcards

Concept Flashcards: Tactile Images and Braille Labels

By Liz Eagan
These concept cards can be used to match the real object to the tactile image and braille label or to sort into categories with students who are blind or visually impaired.
Braille design of apple

Apple Braille Design

By Edith West
Make your own braille drawing of an apple following these step-by-step instructions.
3 pairs of socks

Sorting & Folding Socks Video

By Dwila Nixon
Step-by-step instructions with video demonstration of how to fold and sort socks if you are blind or visually impaired
Screenshot of audio version of braille designs

Audio Recordings of Braille Patterns

By Charlotte Cushman
Braille readers will enjoy being able to independently create braille drawings following the audio recordings of these braille designs.
Surgical mask

Ideas for Helping Students with Multiple Disabilities Including Deafblindness Wear Masks and Face Coverings

By Katy Ring
These Ideas are designed to encourage children with multiple disabilities Including deafblindness to wear masks and face coverings.
Placing braille label under matching word

Tactile Signage Activity for Dual Media Student

By AT Neal
In this activity, dual media students match braille labels to the print text on signs.
Braille design of slice of birthday cake

Braille Design: Piece of Birthday Cake

By Edith West
Make your own braille drawing of a slice of birthday cake, following these steps.
Perkins braille with paper loaded

Loading and Removing Paper from the Perkins Brailler: Video Demonstration

By Dwila Nixon
This video demonstration teaches parts of the brailler, and shows step-by-step how to load and remove paper from a Perkins braillewriter.
Boy working independently

Tareas de Trabajo Independiente para Lectores de Braille Principiantes

By Liamsmom
Tareas de trabajo independiente para lectores de braille principiantes
tactile flower glued on paper

Tactile Flower: Making a Bridge to Tactile Images

By Liz Eagan
This simple activity for students with visual impairments or multiple disabilities helps to make the bridge from real objects to tactile images.
Keegan Misses Daddy

Missing Daddy: An Experience Story About a Difficult Topic

By Kathi Garza
Not all experience or social stories have to be about happy things! Sometimes telling those hard stories can help our children process through their feelings and can provide language to support them.
Boy sitting on bench at athletic field

Experience Story with a Social Theme

By erin32573
Experience stories can be used to help children with visual impairments, deafblindness or multiple disabilities to process emotions and anticipate what will happen.
A young boy examines a toothbrush on the page of a book.

Joseph's Bath Book: An Object Book for Early Literacy

By Charlotte Cushman
In the early stages of literacy, real objects can be attached to each page, so that children who are blind, visually impaired, deafblind or with multiple disabilities can explore each item.
Page of Baggie Book with tree

Make Your Own Baggie Experience Book

By Doreen Bohm
Baggie Experience Books are a great way to help young children or learners with deafblindness or multiple disabilities to make the transition from real objects to beginning literacy.
Sneaker with laces untied

Tying Shoelaces: Task Analysis

By Dwila Nixon
Shoelace Tying is broken down into small steps below, and is demonstrated in the video, to provide clear step-by-step directions to teach this skill.
Materials for Alphabet Soup and Braille Muffin actiivty

Alphabet Soup and Braille Muffins

By Regina Quaid
This early literacy activity reinforces initial letter sounds in a fun and playful way for beginning braille readers.
feet on texture square

Texture Walk for Sensory Exploration

By Liz Eagan
Attach different textures and fabrics to a foam puzzle floor play mat for learners to walk on with bare feet or touch with their hands
Story Box Items

Making "Out of the Dust" Accessible to Students with Visual Impairment

By donniej502
"Out of the Dust" is a novel based on the Dust Bowl. Adapt the story for students with visual impairments using a storybox, tactile symbols, picture symbols, or a talking book.
Story box items for Curious George

Adapting "Curious George Gets a Medal" for Students with Visual Impairments

By hsothen
Tips to adapt "Curious George Gets a Medal" for students with visual impairments and additional disabilities

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