Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Practicing Reading High Frequency Words in Braille

high frequency words

This post offers suggestions for adapting a lesson plan on recognizing high frequency words (such as "the", "and", "a", "said" and "to") for braille readers. 


Original Lesson Plan

Adapted Lesson Plan to Enable Access by Braille


Between five and eight high-frequency words, 
written on individual cards
  • the
  • and
  • a
  • said
  • to


- Between five and eight high-frequency words, including de-codable and tricky words, written on individual cards in braille.
- Word board with Velcro to attach word cards too.
- Word sheets with the same word written out three times, e.g.
  • the the the
  • and and and
  • a a a
  • said said said
  • to to to


  • Display a word card.
  • Point to each letter in the word as the children sound-talk the letters (as far as is possible with tricky words) and read the word.
  • Say a sentence using the word, slightly emphasising the word.
  • Repeat 1–3 with each word card.
  • Display each word again, and repeat the procedure more quickly but without giving a sentence.
  • Repeat once more, asking the children to say the word without sounding it out.


  • Display a word card on word board.
  • Ask child to sound talk the letters and read the word
  • Say a sentence using the word, slightly emphasising the word.
  • Repeat above with each word card.
  • Ask child to read a line of the specific high frequency word,  sounding the word out e.g. the the the
  • Ask the child to say the words without sounding out.

high frequency words into sentences

model of literacy lesson pdfhigh frequency words: the, every, for, it, said, to handwritten and in braille


model of literacy lesson collage


Attached File(s): 

Common Core and Braille Standards

Foundational Skills: 

RF.1.3  Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
RF.1.3b Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
Posted on January 20, 2015
Updated on: February 7, 2018