Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

"Step-By-Step" Plot Diagramming

Two slides next to each other

When teaching student how to break down the plot of a story, many teachers use plot diagram graphic organizers. Since graphic organizers are a visual teaching aid, the diagram may be ineffective for students with visual impairments. My lesson using a stair well or a sliding board was adapted from a graphic organizer that I have used to teach plot development in narrative writing when preparing students for the Ohio Graduation Test. (Amsco's Mastering the OGT: Writing (2005) by Lesli J. Favor, Ph. D.)

Objective: After reading and analyzing a story, students will break down the plot (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution) and identify the information and/or events of each part.


  • Story (novel, novella, short story)Plot chart diagram
  • Tactile plot diagram (see attached file)


  1. Introduce and define the part of a plot: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
  2. Provide students with a tactile plot diagram so students can preview the lesson.
  3. At the stair well or at the bottom of the ladder of the slide, explain that area represents the exposition of the story. It is all of the necessary background information needed for the story - setting, characters, initial conflicts, etc.
  4. As the students ascend the stairs or the ladder, have them outline the events of the rising action of the story. Each step would represent one event leading to the climax. Make sure that students are retelling the events in chronological order. (Prior to the lesson, you may want to have the students come prepared with 4 or 5 events they would include in their rising action.)
  5. The top of the stairs/ladder represents the climax of the story. Have the students state what event is considered the turning point of the story.
  6. As the students descend the stairs or slides down the chute, have them provide what events occurred during the falling action of the story. This is where the loose ends of the story are tied up and when the action draws to a close. (When using a sliding board, have them rely the information prior to sliding.)
  7. Once the students descend down the stairs or the sliding board, they have arrived at the resolution of the story. Their activity is complete as well as the activity of the story.


  • Consult the students' O&M instructor prior to conducting this lesson.
Common Core and Braille Standards


RL.7.3 Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).
RL.7.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6–8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
RL.8.3  Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.
RL.8.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Posted on May 28, 2015
Updated on: February 16, 2022