Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Strategies

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Below are strategies for all content areas.






Cover of Mouse Mess

Modifying books for children with CVI

By Charlotte Cushman
Many picture books need to be modified for children with Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI). Decreasing visual clutter and increasing contrast is a simple strategy.
Basket with eye glasses

Caring for Eyeglasses

By Katie Armstrong
This practical hands-on activity is designed to teach children who are blind or visually impaired to clean and take care of their eye glasses.
labels in cubbies

Labeling the Environment in an Accessible Format

By Charlotte Cushman
Labeling items in the environment in an accessible format is important for developing literacy skills, as well as O & M or Orientation and Mobility for children who are blind or visually impaired, deafblind or who have multiple disabilities.
Sunshine Mangold braille text

Sunshine Mangold and Cricket Mangold

By Laurie Hudson
This activity works on improving hand positions and tracking skills in emerging braille readers.

Braille App for a dual learner

By Katie Armstrong
Braille App for a dual learner
A young child reads "Bumpy Rolls Away"

Child Reading "Bumpy Rolls Away"

By Charlotte Cushman
Video clip of early literacy activity with a young child reading a braille book
Image of ready-to-bake pizza

Making Pizza

By Charlotte Cushman
Making pizza can be a functional and meaningful way to incorporate literacy skills for students who are blind or visually impaired, including those with multiple disabilities or deafblindness.
number cards arranged in order with objects under the numbers 1-3

Beginning Math Literacy

By Katie Armstrong
Beginning math activities for children who are blind or visually impaired; strategies for teaching numbers, counting, and making sets
Braille labels and textures on Christmas packages

Tactile Holidays

By Charlotte Cushman
Creative ideas to make Christmas and the holiday season accessible to children who are blind or who have multiple disabilities
Cards with names of different scents on them

Ten Scents of Christmas Sensory Cards

By Charlotte Cushman
This multi-sensory game uses the Ten Scents of Christmas in a matching game, which can be adapted for children who are blind or visually impaired.
Photo of advent calendar with braille numerals

25 Days of Christmas Advent Calendar

By Charlotte Cushman
This activity uses a braille advent calendar to identify numerals in braille or print while counting down to Christmas.
stuffed animal in a small basket

Prepositions

By wpatrone
This activity uses real objects to work on positional concepts with children who are blind or visually impaired.
Photo: Student at table working on his braillewriter

Motivating Older Adolescents Who Are Emerging Readers

By Megan Mogan
This strategy from a speech therapist is designed to help teachers find appropriate literacy instruction for students who have significant multiple disabilities in addition to their visual impairment.
Photo of tactile advent calendar

Tactile Advent Calendar

By Charlotte Cushman
Tactile advent calendar uses objects
Still from video of Robbie Blaha and student

Book Conversation with Robbie Blaha

By Charlotte Cushman
This video shows Robbie Blaha, Teacher of the Deafblind at Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, having a conversation using a braille book with a student who is deafblind.
Child manipulated squishy bag on lightbox

Squishy Bag - A tactile / multi-sensory approach to pre-writing and writing skills

By Charlotte Cushman
This multi-sensory tactile activity encourages children to develop handskills, including hand and finger strength, finger isolation, and squeezing.
Using and iPad in the dark

Using the iPad and magnetic letters to compose and share stories

By Charlotte Cushman
Promote literacy with the story kit app and magnetic letters
Photo of child's hands manipulating playdoh

Finger-strength and pincer grip activities: getting ready for writing braille

By Charlotte Cushman
Ideas to help young children to develop fine motor skills and strengthen their fingers and hands in order to read braille
Cover of touch book of textures

Make Your Own Touch Book!

By Charlotte Cushman
Learn how to make a touch book to promote tactile skills with children who are blind or visually impaired, deafblind or who have multiple disabilities
THERM in black letters on a white background with a thermometer attached to it

Greek and Latin Roots

By wpatrone
Students can build their vocabularies and decoding skills by learning Greek and Latin roots. Tips for students who are blind or visually impaired

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