Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



multi-colored gel
By Christine Roman-Lantzy
While you are home… I am writing this blog post during a time in which we are all self quarantined. It’s a strange and unsettling time. If you are spending more time indoors than you expected, and you are a family member of a child with CVI, you...



A young girl cuts with scissors
By Charlotte Cushman
During the COVID-19/coronavirus pandemic, it's important to have fun activities to keep children engaged.  Some children may be able to be self-directed with homework and reading, while others will need more active engagement with adults. ...



Scrabble tiles spelling out "support"
By Penny Rosenblum
The Idea:  We know that there are students with visual impairments who do not have full access to online curriculum, supplemental activities, or resources during the COVID-19 pandemic. We also know there are family members who are visually impaired...



A boy holds up his Magic Nuudle design.
By Liamsmom
I am the mother of two boys:  Liam, who is in 5th grade and is deafblind, and  Finn, who is in 2nd grade and has typical vision and hearing.  With our schools closed for this coming week (possibly longer) I came up with a schedule (in print and...



"Sorry We're Closed" sign
By Charlotte Cushman
This is a frightening time for people throughout the world as the COVID-19 turns our routine lives inside out.  There is uncertainty for ourselves and our loved ones, and we are caught without having had time to get services in place for children with...



Screenshot of choosing color and font size
By Jgreenleaftvi
With the flu and coronavirus going around, more questions have been asked about how to provide services for students using remote services. I have worked with students using Zoom video conferencing. This website and app allows you to meet with students...



A boy reading text on a slant board
By Judy Endicott
“When you’ve met one child with CVI, you’ve met one child with CVI.”  -- Gordon Dutton While the specifics mentioned below were developed to meet the needs of my grandson in conjunction with his CVI Range assessment (Roman...



Shirt from cover of "Summer Is Here"
By Louise France
also by Trịnh Thu Thanh and Hang Nguyen We love braille and we want to have a library in Hanoi, Vietnam to lend tactile books to children with visual impairment. We hope our books will inspire a love of books and motivate children to want to learn...



Sideview of person looking straight ahead
By Liz Barclay
and by Marlena Chu, OD, FAAO The visual demands of learning are constant as students progress through elementary, middle and high school. For students who have low vision, the impact of visual fatigue can challenge and impede educational progress....



Child looking at lightbox with image of red shoe
By Sarah Blackstone
This post is adapted with permission from the authors Aileen Arai, MA, Director of Education, The Bridge School and Sarah W. Blackstone, PhD, CCC-SLP, PI, CVI/AAC Project, The Bridge School, from a presentation at the Getting in Touch with Literacy conference...



Smiling broadly, student uses both hands to look at a braille book.
By Scott Baltisberger
Some time ago, a TVI (Teacher of the Visually Impaired) shared information about one of her students. This child was eight years old, identified as visually impaired with no additional handicapping conditions and enrolled in a general education 2nd grade...



Student smiling as she types her story about the Indian food that she likes to eat. She is typing in the Voice Dream Writer app via a Bluetooth keyboard connected to an iPad.
By Monique Coleman
Culturally Responsive Pedagogy (CRP) is ubiquitous in mainstream education circles, yet it doesn’t receive much attention in the world of blindness/visual impairment (b/vi) education. This article discusses why CRP matters and how it can be infused into...



Photo cards on black background: help, spoon, syringe, food bowl, diaper
By Sharon Elliott
We have successfully transitioned my son who is non-verbal and scored at a 2.5 on The CVI Range (Dr. Christine Roman-Lantzy) at his initial assessment to a current score of 5++ by using whole objects in an object schedule system to using photographs of...



Dots and Dottie hold up the letter "a"
By Kristie Smith
I created this book to teach braille to children who are sighted using the characters Dots and Dottie.  The book is illustrated by Bill Morgan and the poem is by my mother, Janelle Smith. Hello! My name is Dottie and this is my friend,...



January is #BrailleLiteracy month!  In SimBraille: celebrate braille literacy
By Charlotte Cushman
Did you make a New Year's Resolution to learn braille this year?  Perhaps you would like to support your child, relative, or someone you know who is a braille reader.  Or perhaps you are a veteran teacher who knows braille, but you're...



Searching for object in bin of green rice
By Regina Quaid
and Misty Epperson All children love to play hidden object games. Here is an activity that I found on Pinterest that students with vision impairments can participate in with a few minor accommodations. I Spy Tubes First make the “I Spy Christmas...



Green holiday card with braille Christmas tree and tactile stickers
By Anna Ackley
There are currently 3 students in my district using braille as a primary or secondary media and I wanted to get them together to braille, celebrate their skills, and spread awareness about how amazing braille is, so I hosted a Braille Holiday Party! The goal...



A young boy putting clothes into the washing machine
By TinaK
Miha is a 6-year-old boy born with LCA (Leber congenital amaurosis)  and is legally blind with only light perception. He was included in an early intervention program from a very early age, which was a good thing, but also a challenge.  The TVI (...



Collage of Assistive Technology for Math
By Cecilia Robinson
Assistive technology (AT) for math consists of items and devices that range from low- to high-tech. Low-tech items may include manipulatives, such as money, shapes and solids, or measuring devices. High-tech devices can include, but are not limited to,...



Experience tub with dirt and associated objects
By Liz Eagan
A student of mine is what I call "tactually hesitant". She's not defensive, just hesitant with new textures and experiences.  She is in a life skills class and is learning braille, and recently she surprised me! It took me nearly a school...



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