Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Blog Posts

Below are recently created blog posts.



Braille Box
By TiffanyMoore
The Braille Box is an instructional tool that aids in concept development and emerging braille literacy. About Braille Box I discovered the Braille Box during a session at an AER international conference. It was recommended for emerging braille readers...



A young boy putting clothes into the washing machine
By TinaK
Miha is a 6-year-old boy born with LCA (Leber congenital amaurosis)  and is legally blind with only light perception. He was included in an early intervention program from a very early age, which was a good thing, but also a challenge.  The TVI (...



Braille alphabet
By Charlotte Cushman
There are a number of resources available to teach people who are sighted the basics of the braille alphabet.  These include websites, activities, braille cards, and lesson suggestions for general education classrooms. They are not intended to teach the...



Charlotte and Lisha
By Lisha Yochimowitz
Saying Goodbye and Introducing… Charlotte Cushman has been the Paths to Literacy manager and co-creator since its inception in 2010 when her team, from Perkins School for the Blind and Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, had a strong...



Preschooler looking at Bedtime in a Box
By Conchita Hernandez
Bedtime in a Box is an innovative project that gives families materials for a bedtime routine. This adorable project provides the following items in a box: a bedtime routine log, books, pajamas, soap, towel, alarm clock and many more items to get children and...



Studio recorder
By Diane Shifflett
Cut, paste, delete.  It's really that simple. Radio broadcasting for students who are blind or visually impaired might seem intimidating at first, but with user-friendly software called Studio Recorder from the American Printing House for the...



Young girl with flowers
By Charlotte Cushman
Royal Dutch Visio, Centre of expertise for blind and partially sighted people offers a number of free publications, as well as assessment tools available for purchase, on the topic of tactual development for children who are blind or visually impaired...



Girl writing on Perkins brailler
By Penny Rosenblum
The Project INSPIRE (Increasing the STEM Potential of Individuals who Read Braille) team developed “Nemeth in a Box for Middle School Students” to provide a fun way for students to practice their Nemeth skills and build their math concepts. In...



Experience book about swimming
By Ellen Cadigan Mazel
So often when people think about making accessible books for children with CVI, they enthusiastically share ideas about removing the background clutter and complexity. They set off to create an accessible book. The trouble is that they stop at removing...



By Deirdre Leech
By Patricia Weismer and Deirdre Leech A literacy kit is a set of activities that are designed to allow a student to actively participate and communicate during book reading activities. The primary purpose is to support and enhance the curriculum with math...



A boy feels water balloons in a plastic bin.
By Charlotte Cushman
Our field lost a treasured friend and visionary colleague with the passing of Linda Hagood this month. She has contributed an enormous amount to the field, through her writing, her teaching, and her modeling of innovative techniques.  As a speech...



Two boys hanging ornaments on Christmas tree
By Liamsmom
I am a mother of two sweet boys.  My oldest, Liam, is 6 years old.  He is deafblind.  My youngest, Finn, is 3 years old.  He has typical vision and hearing.  I really look forward to the Christmas season.  I enjoy finding...



Hand of one person resting on side of open hand of another person
By Chris Montgomery
How do we join the person who is deafblind in sharing their world, a world experienced through touch? How do we arouse curiosity? What is the path to bonding? Why must we recognize and affirm their communication before a formal language can be co-created?...



Orange with print and braille labels
By Flavia Moreira
Students with visual impairment and multiple disabilities generally need concrete information that favors the understanding of the most diverse concepts and information. They also need literacy support. Visual impairment and multiple disabilities refer to...



A young girl uses a Perkins braillewriter
By Charlotte Cushman
Professor Cheryl Kamei-Hannan and a team from CalState LA have created Braille Brain, which is a training program funded by the US Department of Education, Rehabilitation Services Agency. The overall goal of the project is to promote literacy and STEM...



outline of fireman and two fireman hats with colored overlay
By Beth Borysewicz
Early elementary classrooms in schools all across the United States are learning about FIRE SAFETY this month! Fire Safety from the perspective of a typically sighted child is very different than the perspective of a child without any vision, limited or low...



Cover slide: Five Tips for Better Digital Classroom Accessibility
By KimAvila
Tip 1: Provide actual text, not images of text Tip 2: Tip 2: The Four C’s Tip 3: Multimedia, Captioning, Interpreter, and Description Tip 4: Document and Slide Accessibility Tip 5: Advocate for...



3D-printed braille pladoh stampers
By Charlotte Cushman
Use a 3D printer to create your own braille playdoh hand-held stampers. Amanda Crayton created files that are free to download the from Thingiverse to make each letter of the English alphabet a-z in braille. The top of each stamper has the raised dots of...



Screenshot of homepage of Active Learning Space
By Charlotte Cushman
If you are a teacher or parent of a child with complex learning needs or significant multiple disabilities, you may already be familiar with Dr. Lilli Nielsen's Active Learning approach.  If not, we invite you to visit our sister website the ...



Boy's hands on textured symbols on Velcro board
By Ann Adkins
Background I first met Aidan in 2014 during an onsite visit to Frenship ISD from the Outreach Program of the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI). His Teacher of Students with Visual Impairment (TVI), Sherry Airhart, had requested a...



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