Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Fall CVI School Checklist

Slant board with different types of balls attached
Fall is here and schools are opening their doors to students.  The fall is an exciting, fresh beginning that I look forward to each year! It is an especially busy for TVIs as we assess children, educate staff, adapt materials and environments and support parents, students and teams.
Here is a fall checklist for CVI (Cortical Visual Impairment) for Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments:

1.  Complete CVI Range (Roman-Lantzy 2007) for all students.

All TVIs should become “CVI Endorsed”.  The online CVI workshop will solidify your knowledge of CVI if you have never taken an in depth class about CVI. In the endorsement process, you will be asked to pass a multiple choice test and then to score 3 children with CVI. This endorsement will prove your competency using the CVI Range for assessment.  Perkins CVI Endorsement:
There are just too many people using the CVI Range incorrectly. If the Range is not used correctly the results will not provide the child with the correct goals and objectives or the correct adaptations, accommodations and methodologies needed for their optimal visual functioning. This misalignment will limit the child’s visual improvements.

2. Share CVI Range results with parents.

Parents will benefit from a discussion about the overall concepts of CVI so they fully understand their child’s visual skills and needs after the assessment. With this fuller understanding about CVI, they can more effectively understand their child’s CVI Range score. With this background knowledge, the accommodations, modifications and environmental supports make sense. Parents need this background information to advocate for their child across a lifetime, every year as staff and schools change.

Locker with red target3.  Conduct an inservice to the educational team about the overall topic of CVI.

With a firm understanding of the CVI concepts, teams can better understand their students visual functioning and their unique educational needs. The accommodations, modifications and environmental supports have more context and will be more consistently used if fully understood.

4.  Conduct a second inservice to the team about how CVI effects each individual student.

Children, even with the same score on the CVI Range, have unique educational needs based on their own individual assessment results around each of the 10 CVI Characteristics (Roman-Lantzy).

5.  When classroom schedules are completed, look across the learning day to ensure the CVI adaptations are in place at all times.  

Example: In morning meeting the child is at the correct distance from the learning materials (Distance Characteristic), has visual access to the better visual field (Visual Field Characteristic), has an identified “wait time” (Latency Characteristic), has materials in the most accessible color (Color Characteristic), has the light controlled and used optimally (Light Gazing Characteristic), has the movement distractions removed or movement used to draw visual attention (Movement Characteristic), and has the complexity of the environment matched to the assessed need (Complexity Characteristic).

6.  Create a “cheat sheet” to hang in learning areas.

Shiny target tossThis will allow staff to quickly refer to the recommendations for best visual field, best distance, best best color, and other CVI recommendations around assessed needs.


7.  Check that the classroom has areas for learning that are adapted to assessed CVI needs.

If the child requires a non-complex, quiet separate learning area to preview materials or to learn skills this needs to be an identified and provided area for learning.
For more tips and resources on working with children with CVI, visit the CVI Teacher website!
Pinterest collage for CVI back-to-school checklist




Thank You

Posted by Hope Pardee

Posted on September 13, 2016
Updated on: August 19, 2019

Previous comments for Fall CVI School Checklist

Hope Pardee commented on September 18, 2016

This information was very helpful! Fall Checklist items 5 and 6 struck me as particularly important reminders for members of the education team (OTs, PTs and SLPs) who may only see the student with CVI a few hours per week. As someone who works in regular education, I have observed that "pull-out" services sometimes occur in whatever space is currently available. These tips will keep everyone mindful of the needs of students. All 10 of these are great tips to make sure that each student's learning is optimized. As a student TVI I am glad there are resources like this available free to subscribers of
Thank you!