Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

CVI

A boy reading text on a slant board
Posted by Judy Endicott
“When you’ve met one child with CVI, you’ve met one child with CVI.”  -- Gordon Dutton While the specifics mentioned below were developed to meet the needs of my grandson in conjunction with his CVI Range assessment (Roman...



Materials in CVI adaptation toolbox
Posted by Lisha Yochimowitz
As a TVI working with students with cortical visual impairment, I spend all day making CVI adaptations. While each student is unique, I have developed a tool box for CVI adaptations with some of the basic materials that are helpful for adapting materials for...



"I see the ball," with yellow outline and picture of beachball
Posted by Beth Borysewicz
This presentation and step-by-step instruction was created to assist a Kindergarten team of teachers, as well as the student’s parent, as the child was beginning to learn his sight words. I created this to assist the team and show the process of...



Pink background with yellow ducks
Posted by Adam Wilton
An animated PowerPoint story is designed to enhance the literacy experience by using movement and color to make a simple story more engaging for children who benefit from and qualify for alternate format literacy materials.  It takes some time and effort...



Orange slotted spoon on black background
Posted by Amy Flores
The student with CVI (Cortical/Cerebral Visual Impairment) in Phase I (Roman-Lantzy, 2018) is building visual behavior.  Remote learning takes place via two-dimensional (2-D) screens.  Information is shared—visually and auditorily—...



1 Red Circle
Posted by Deborah Fenton
and Patrice Bucheli Goal We put together this PowerPoint for our students with CVI and it was used based on a student's CVI Range Score.  The goal was to provide 2-D images and concepts that allowed us to work on a variety of lessons to discuss...



Visually-guided reach (VGR) is a skill that we typically assess and often try to promote in our students, but what about students who have limited motor control and may not be able to extend their arms or control their reach at all?  Many students with cerebral palsy and other motor challenges may not be able to achieve this skill for motoric, rather than visual, reasons.  While the focus in this article is on students with CVI, some of the information applies to other students with complex learning needs a
Posted by Chris Russell
Visually-guided reach (VGR) is a skill that we typically assess and often try to promote in our students, but what about students who have limited motor control and may not be able to extend their arms or control their reach at all?  Many students with...



Toy goldfish against black background
Posted by Chris Russell
What is Visual Complexity? Difficulty with Visual Complexity is one of the 10 characteristics that impact the visual functioning of individuals with CVI. To learn more about each of the characteristics, see: Cortical Visual Impairment and the Evaluation...



Photo cards on black background: help, spoon, syringe, food bowl, diaper
Posted by Sharon Elliott
We have successfully transitioned my son who is non-verbal and scored at a 2.5 on The CVI Range (Dr. Christine Roman-Lantzy) at his initial assessment to a current score of 5++ by using whole objects in an object schedule system to using photographs of...



Flashlight shining on red beads
Posted by Chris Russell
This 8-page form is offered as a template and should be individualized, based on the results of the CVI Range Assessment and additional student needs.  All highlighted areas should be replaced with your own information. This form includes the following...



Sample lightbox slide with house and stick figure
Posted by Adam Wilton
The lightbox is a tool to provide access to literacy materials for students with multiple disabilities, including those with cortical or cerebral visual impairments (CVI).  In the past, the lightbox has typically been used to promote sensory efficiency,...



Red plate, fork, and cup on black background
Posted by Derya Uyar
This week summer vacation ended and schools have started with distance education in Turkey. We continue online classes with our students. I have 3 students this year. All of them are with MDVI (multiple disabilities and visual impairment).  This year I...



Goldfish with text "fish" with red bubble
Posted by Colleen Johnson
When the pandemic hit and school closed, I looked how to best serve my students with CVI (cortical visual impairment) through distance education. Many parents didn’t want to do coaching or direct lessons through Zoom meetings for various reasons that...



Yellow and red plastic eggs, and dried beans and rice
Posted by Sarah Flores
During social distancing, Zoom meetings can be a lifeline for students. They can also be very visually and auditorily complex.  Here is a list of basic, broad recommendations I shared with teachers who are holding group Zoom meetings with students with...



Red pom-pom in a plastic bottle
Posted by Christine Roman-Lantzy
All images shared by Diane Sheline While you are home… I am writing this blog post during a time in which we are all self quarantined. It’s a strange and unsettling time. If you are spending more time indoors than you expected, and you are a...



Child looking at lightbox with image of red shoe
Posted by Sarah Blackstone
This post is adapted with permission from the authors Aileen Arai, MA, Director of Education, The Bridge School and Sarah W. Blackstone, PhD, CCC-SLP, PI, CVI/AAC Project, The Bridge School, from a presentation at the Getting in Touch with Literacy conference...



Searching for object in bin of green rice
Posted by Regina Quaid
and Misty Epperson All children love to play hidden object games. Here is an activity that I found on Pinterest that students with vision impairments can participate in with a few minor accommodations. I Spy Tubes First make the “I Spy Christmas...



Black wall in classroom
Posted by tracy.wilks
Environmental modifications in the classroom can help students with cortical visual impairment (CVI) to function more independently.  Many of these modifications could benefit other students as well, by reducing visual clutter and complexity.  While...



Cricut bubble words
Posted by Diane Sheline
Having the new Roman Word Bubbling tool to create “Bubble” Words has been extremely helpful for those of us who use “Bubbling” as a strategy for increasing literacy skills in our students with CVI.  Developed by Dr....



Worksheet adapted for students with CVI
Posted by Charlotte Cushman
In their webinar Trust the Process: A Case Study in Literacy and CVI, TVIs (Teachers of the Visually Impaired) Amanda Whelan and Joy Wilson share tips and guidelines to adapt literacy materials for a Kindergarten student (Krish) with cortical visual...



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